Malicious
34
/64

Threat

com.tencent.mm

Correos

android banker obfuscation ransomware stealth trojan

Analyzed on 2021-01-04T12:35:32.216843

17

permissions

22

activities

3

services

3

receivers

20

domains

File sums

MD5 0b36088c51fa28ff276d812d1e6d20bd
SHA1 9483c1d487b674b4c57d035dedff63efc1c64ac5
SHA256 539889b68f27a908bd584851afe069402d61f9bf1beb5c2ba0240b5b875ac785
Size 8.3MB

APKiD

Information computed with APKiD.

/tmp/tmpjs13lvam!classes.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.FINGERPRINT check
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
  • Build.BOARD check
  • possible Build.SERIAL check
  • SIM operator check
anti_debug
  • Debug.isDebuggerConnected() check
compiler
  • dexlib 2.x

SSdeep

Information computed with ssdeep.

APK file 196608:hi4erFdhupj3FjAky0v1PWrvjV+UhYZeePTPERA4abBZd:Qx6jVjAky0tPu2ZDIAbTd
Manifest 384:qHogS0o+/MNyi5OQQdTbw7dJBx+da7IY0iE77plRmE2k5FDKKFiIOv6Xe:KogS0o+…
classes.dex 49152:JIEMvqiQS+ABB5HWVr/b/ksIIw3omzA1KKXkgX:/MyGZULGIQCl

Dexofuzzy

Information computed with Dexofuzzy.

APK file 3072:fjHTBueIwU4/lw/WitipCQGWcbLZAmxClAki5KSLfhVus19nG8T:fjzBxhTw/ztu…
classes.dex 3072:fjHTBueIwU4/lw/WitipCQGWcbLZAmxClAki5KSLfhVus19nG8T:fjzBxhTw/ztu…

APK details

Information computed with AndroGuard and Pithus.

Package com.tencent.mm
App name Correos
Version name 1.0
Version code 1
SDK 23 - 28
UAID 2c51071a4a206a3cb5131f2bfd6fd1c5631e91e4
Signature Signature V1
Frosting Not frosted

Certificate details

Information computed with AndroGuard.

MD5 e89b158e4bcf988ebd09eb83f5378e87
SHA1 61ed377e85d386a8dfee6b864bd85b0bfaa5af81
SHA256 a40da80a59d170caa950cf15c18c454d47a39b26989d8b640ecd745ba71bf5dc
Issuer Email Address: android@android.com, Common Name: Android, Organizational Unit: Android, Organization: Android, Locality: Mountain View, State/Province: California, Country: US
Not before 2008-02-29T01:33:46+00:00
Not after 2035-07-17T01:33:46+00:00

File Analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Findings Files
Hardcoded Keystore found. assets/acompli_cacerts.bks

Manifest analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High Clear text traffic is Enabled For App[android:usesCleartextTraffic=true]
The app intends to use cleartext network traffic, such as cleartext HTTP, FTP stacks, DownloadManager, and MediaPlayer. The default value for apps that target API level 27 or lower is "true". Apps that target API level 28 or higher default to "false". The key reason for avoiding cleartext traffic is the lack of confidentiality, authenticity, and protections against tampering; a network attacker can eavesdrop on transmitted data and also modify it without being detected.
Medium Application Data can be Backed up[android:allowBackup=true]
This flag allows anyone to backup your application data via adb. It allows users who have enabled USB debugging to copy application data off of the device.
High Service (com.example.myapplicationtest.ForegroundService) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Activity (com.example.myapplicationtest.ComposeSmsActivity) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Activity is explicitly exported.
High Broadcast Receiver (com.example.myapplicationtest.SmsReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BROADCAST_SMS [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Broadcast Receiver (com.example.myapplicationtest.MmsReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BROADCAST_WAP_PUSH [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Broadcast Receiver (com.example.myapplicationtest.BootReceiver) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Broadcast Receiver is explicitly exported.
High Service (com.example.myapplicationtest.HeadlessSmsSendService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.SEND_RESPOND_VIA_MESSAGE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Activity (com.example.myapplicationtest.IntentStarter) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Activity is explicitly exported.

Browsable activities

Information computed with MobSF.

com.example.myapplicationtest.ComposeSmsActivity

Schemes: sms:// smsto:// mms:// mmsto://

Main Activity

Information computed with AndroGuard.

['com.example.myapplicationtest.WOnQaTlTwOsEmKbIdRaOhYiPiKqGhUaGxAnZkUxAeCfYh', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.AZmKdKqAsTmGpZeUdPhRmZgFuWpYzEqTqUtEuLgHfFkEqKwUcGwDxRy', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.BrowserActivity', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.DXlTrFlOgZsNrLrHkCaCiKqQtHpUi', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.CardActivity', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.AMdBnCjSd', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.OThMwBiBuEyLaNiUhFgFaPeZbQrNeEdDiQnJeOzKuYnJsDs', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.SmsThreadActivity', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.CMhOzWwMl', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.AMeSkYa', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.ComposeSmsActivity', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.GNyXfYcDjOrGqGrUgZaLpHmArCcPqGtHwAqQjXuPs', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.DXcNjLcYfFjNfLbCkBqTr', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.ZQnBjAbPbTaHgIkMoImGoEmHiBsSiZyRsGgNpNiDhLgSzFoGoFtYt', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.XYiFpOrCxTgZaSrIwGmUjWxYkWoNdKjBeKmLdQyZnGeGb', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.NXqBmOfEuCqNeIgEfWiPgIzEyLaLcKyTeCrDhIfCzGoBdPnCdKj', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.DRyZfNnJiKx', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.MainActivity', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.XUfKxAbHeKhUxEdFfMnTnZdEiUuGzTuCwUpHpDuAx', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.IntentStarter', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.UXyCnWuRfWeBzJkPxPnQrLpLxRpIdPaFkAnNmSsIbRnBqWn', 'com.example.myapplicationtest.LIsJrDsEbNgWs']

Activities

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.example.myapplicationtest.WOnQaTlTwOsEmKbIdRaOhYiPiKqGhUaGxAnZkUxAeCfYh
com.example.myapplicationtest.AZmKdKqAsTmGpZeUdPhRmZgFuWpYzEqTqUtEuLgHfFkEqKwUcGwDxRy
com.example.myapplicationtest.BrowserActivity
com.example.myapplicationtest.DXlTrFlOgZsNrLrHkCaCiKqQtHpUi
com.example.myapplicationtest.CardActivity
com.example.myapplicationtest.AMdBnCjSd
com.example.myapplicationtest.OThMwBiBuEyLaNiUhFgFaPeZbQrNeEdDiQnJeOzKuYnJsDs
com.example.myapplicationtest.SmsThreadActivity
com.example.myapplicationtest.CMhOzWwMl
com.example.myapplicationtest.AMeSkYa
com.example.myapplicationtest.ComposeSmsActivity
com.example.myapplicationtest.GNyXfYcDjOrGqGrUgZaLpHmArCcPqGtHwAqQjXuPs
com.example.myapplicationtest.DXcNjLcYfFjNfLbCkBqTr
com.example.myapplicationtest.ZQnBjAbPbTaHgIkMoImGoEmHiBsSiZyRsGgNpNiDhLgSzFoGoFtYt
com.example.myapplicationtest.XYiFpOrCxTgZaSrIwGmUjWxYkWoNdKjBeKmLdQyZnGeGb
com.example.myapplicationtest.NXqBmOfEuCqNeIgEfWiPgIzEyLaLcKyTeCrDhIfCzGoBdPnCdKj
com.example.myapplicationtest.DRyZfNnJiKx
com.example.myapplicationtest.MainActivity
com.example.myapplicationtest.XUfKxAbHeKhUxEdFfMnTnZdEiUuGzTuCwUpHpDuAx
com.example.myapplicationtest.IntentStarter
com.example.myapplicationtest.UXyCnWuRfWeBzJkPxPnQrLpLxRpIdPaFkAnNmSsIbRnBqWn
com.example.myapplicationtest.LIsJrDsEbNgWs

Receivers

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.example.myapplicationtest.SmsReceiver
com.example.myapplicationtest.MmsReceiver
com.example.myapplicationtest.BootReceiver

Services

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.example.myapplicationtest.ForegroundService
com.example.myapplicationtest.HeadlessSmsSendService
com.example.myapplicationtest.MyAccessibilityService

Sample timeline

Certificate valid not before Feb. 29, 2008, 1:33 a.m.
Oldest file found in APK Dec. 28, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
Latest file found in APK Dec. 28, 2020, 3:18 p.m.
First submission on VT Dec. 28, 2020, 6:58 p.m.
Last submission on VT Dec. 29, 2020, 9:17 p.m.
Upload on Pithus Jan. 4, 2021, 12:35 p.m.
Certificate valid not after July 17, 2035, 1:33 a.m.

MalwareBazaar

First seen 2020-12-29 22:21:10
Last seen None
Report https://bazaar.abuse.ch/sample/539889b68f27a908bd584851afe069402d61f9bf1beb5c2ba0240b5b875ac785/
ReversingLabs
Threat name None
Status KNOWN
First seen 2020-12-29 05:56:42
Score 5/48
Hatching Triage
Score 10/10
Tags android banker obfuscation ransomware stealth trojan
Report https://tria.ge/reports/201229-pzt7qjesxs/
CERT-PL MWDB
Detection None
Report https://mwdb.cert.pl/sample/539889b68f27a908bd584851afe069402d61f9bf1beb5c2ba0240b5b875ac785/

VirusTotal

Score 34/64
Report https://www.virustotal.com/gui/file/539889b68f27a908bd584851afe069402d61f9bf1beb5c2ba0240b5b875ac785/detection

Most Popular AV Detections

Provided by VirusTotal

Threat name: hqwar Identified 4 times
Threat name: artemis Identified 2 times

NIAP analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1 The application invoke platform-provided DRBG functionality for its cryptographic operations.
Random Bit Generation Services
FCS_STO_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the functionality provided by the platform to securely store credentials to non-volatile memory.
Storage of Credentials
FCS_CKM_EXT.1.1 The application implement asymmetric key generation.
Cryptographic Key Generation Services
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.1 The application has access to ['network connectivity'].
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.2 The application has access to ['address book'].
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_NET_EXT.1.1 The application has user/application initiated network communications.
Network Communications
FDP_DAR_EXT.1.1 The application implement functionality to encrypt sensitive data in non-volatile memory.
Encryption Of Sensitive Application Data
FMT_MEC_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the mechanisms recommended by the platform vendor for storing and setting configuration options.
Supported Configuration Mechanism
FTP_DIT_EXT.1.1 The application does encrypt some transmitted data with HTTPS/TLS/SSH between itself and another trusted IT product.
Protection of Data in Transit
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.1
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.2
The application perform all deterministic random bit generation (DRBG) services in accordance with NIST Special Publication 800-90A using Hash_DRBG. The deterministic RBG is seeded by an entropy source that accumulates entropy from a platform-based DRBG and a software-based noise source, with a minimum of 256 bits of entropy at least equal to the greatest security strength (according to NIST SP 800-57) of the keys and hashes that it will generate.
Random Bit Generation from Application
FCS_CKM.1.1(1) The application generate asymmetric cryptographic keys not in accordance with FCS_CKM.1.1(1) using key generation algorithm RSA schemes and cryptographic key sizes of 1024-bit or lower.
Cryptographic Asymmetric Key Generation
FCS_COP.1.1(2) The application perform cryptographic hashing services not in accordance with FCS_COP.1.1(2) and uses the cryptographic algorithm RC2/RC4/MD4/MD5.
Cryptographic Operation - Hashing
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.1 The application implement the HTTPS protocol that complies with RFC 2818.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.2 The application implement HTTPS using TLS.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.3 The application notify the user and not establish the connection or request application authorization to establish the connection if the peer certificate is deemed invalid.
HTTPS Protocol
FIA_X509_EXT.1.1 The application invoked platform-provided functionality to validate certificates in accordance with the following rules: ['The certificate path must terminate with a trusted CA certificate'].
X.509 Certificate Validation
FIA_X509_EXT.2.1 The application use X.509v3 certificates as defined by RFC 5280 to support authentication for HTTPS , TLS.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FIA_X509_EXT.2.2 When the application cannot establish a connection to determine the validity of a certificate, the application allow the administrator to choose whether to accept the certificate in these cases or accept the certificate ,or not accept the certificate.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FPT_TUD_EXT.2.1 The application shall be distributed using the format of the platform-supported package manager.
Integrity for Installation and Update

Code analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Low
CVSS:7.5
The App logs information. Sensitive information should never be logged.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-3
CWE-532 Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
Files:
 com/firebase/jobdispatcher/JobService.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/e.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CtxPolicyChangeReceiver.java
com/citrix/mvpn/c/a.java
com/firebase/jobdispatcher/GooglePlayReceiver.java
com/citrix/mvpn/api/MvpnDefaultHandler.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/AppLogArchiver.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CrashManager.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/a.java
com/microsoft/authentication/adal/SovereignCloudManager.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/RefreshAllFilesThread.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDictionary.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/util/StringExtensions.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDiscovery.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXPolicies.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXApplication.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXConstants.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/SecureHubAuthHelperActivity.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/StorageHelper.java
com/microsoft/bing/usbsdk/api/BingClientManager.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/logging/Logger.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/SettingPreferences.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CtxLog.java
High
CVSS:7.4
Files may contain hardcoded sensitive informations like usernames, passwords, keys etc.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-14
CWE-312 Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information
M9: Reverse Engineering
Files:
 denial/race/ANsKsXxSqSpTtGzWgNpFuQlNeIxApPdYkLnIkGsTyFcCqMb.java
denial/alarm/YCjFlLsAxNqDbSoNzYkBqNdEmNiLtSiGsDeBaWaHh.java
com/citrix/MAM/Android/ManagedAppHelper/Interface/MAMAppInfo.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/HWlMnYuAaRjArJzYeHeDzLhIbYyRm.java
denial/bubble/net/SEqWqIcOcIiZoEkYoAm.java
denial/bubble/net/BUuAzElDzHy.java
denial/bubble/net/FNuWdExEiMmFtWzOmGqEtBjRuHwUcKuPfTaGdRyZdQrOlBgMw.java
denial/alarm/ULyLaLjFuEtOxAp.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/BThHhBiKgUbMbCdWlZnDpSwNr.java
denial/bubble/fame/TCkMgAeHySrSuMyKiXsFiOiZdKzSjPsPrFd.java
denial/bubble/net/FMrSwBxNcQuAzYtByAhIrDcSsHwEzNtXrQdUnYjYuFzKpLjFg.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/Discovery.java
denial/bubble/net/JBzXzXbMgIzOpJqAkZnRaDyCnPtIgQbBtAaJg.java
denial/race/UFuNiRrMhGxAdMaMpUyHpDkMiSnLoBsFoTcLg.java
denial/bubble/fame/MEsEzLeKnInBrEwIb.java
denial/bubble/net/DEiDqIeMmMoEhFfPiYaHuOaDhLqHlPhStZoJoAuGx.java
denial/online/NPjHjLrSsTcRsOyIlDdDwDcCrMtNyExZlLtJfBjRw.java
boil/PIjQgLyNbGqQdUcPlYtCrKeWzLaSnMhLjYtArYnZxNrIi.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/IDToken.java
denial/alarm/MKpRtDyFnEuNc.java
denial/bubble/net/NBiFeBmIjHmZhMqWfMsDgSmQtXhHcTyXyDgLtZq.java
denial/bubble/tissue/KHmZjWpJiYbJxMiWlExOqEjYeTkDqNd.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/EWuNuKhCkOnHbRhZnUzFfLoMcOkLuQyTd.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDictionary.java
denial/bubble/p000double/EPzTxIrHxYrQtLeXxBnFfGxClDoOxCh.java
denial/bubble/net/TPdQbQc.java
denial/bubble/tissue/XKuAbLtRrYrQrTuQwSfDuFmYzGkOmPkSxIiEjOnEtFb.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/AuthorizationStrategy.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXConstants.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/BasicWebViewClient.java
boil/EJtTxSgTaBaQgOsNnHjPcFkBzGfXnQdBhSgSlSiCwLyEfNzEsIb.java
com/microsoft/tokenshare/AccountInfo.java
denial/bubble/net/WNsYmQrTjMpHdMbCiGpSuOxDuLwPsLn.java
first/QFnFhZwJtBwGkNnAxMzMcAoLsRkSwFzIgRsSbMzCmUxStRtRxOjIq.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CtxLog.java
Medium
CVSS:4.3
IP Address disclosure
MASVS: MSTG-CODE-2
CWE-200 Information Exposure
Files:
 com/citrix/mvpn/a/b.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/b.java
com/citrix/mvpn/a/d.java
com/citrix/mvpn/a/a.java
com/citrix/mvpn/c/d.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/Curve.java
Info
CVSS:0
This App uses an SSL Pinning Library (org.thoughtcrime.ssl.pinning) to prevent MITM attacks in secure communication channel.
MASVS: MSTG-NETWORK-4
Files:
 com/citrix/mvpn/a/b.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/b.java
High
CVSS:7.5
The App uses an insecure Random Number Generator.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-6
CWE-330 Use of Insufficiently Random Values
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 com/microsoft/bing/usbsdk/api/BingClientManager.java
Medium
CVSS:0
This app listens to Clipboard changes. Some malwares also listen to Clipboard changes.
MASVS: MSTG-PLATFORM-4
Files:
 com/microsoft/bing/usbsdk/api/BingClientManager.java
Pygal China: 200 Germany: 300 Ireland: 500 Netherlands: 200 United States: 500

Map computed by Pithus.

Domains analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

IE passport.net 52.164.206.56
CN login.partner.microsoftonline.cn 139.217.118.25
citrix.onmicrosoft.com
IE login.windows.net 20.190.129.19
US login.microsoftonline.us 52.126.195.78
DE login.microsoftonline.de 51.4.145.169
US s.msgraph.msappproxy.net 52.150.44.246
proxy.cloudwebappproxy.net
US proxy.msappproxy.us 52.244.65.174
US s.msgraph.msappproxy.us 52.243.157.25
DE go.microsoft.com 104.111.242.51
IE login.windows-ppe.net 40.126.1.160
US graph.microsoft.us 52.126.195.48
NL graph.microsoft.com 20.190.137.112
CN login.chinacloudapi.cn 139.217.118.54
IE login.live.com 40.126.1.145
NL test-exp-s2s.msedge.net 13.107.5.88
DE schemas.microsoft.com 104.111.242.113
fixme.xmqa.cloud.com
IE login.microsoftonline.com 20.190.129.160

URL analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

http://state/path?
Defined in com/microsoft/aad/adal/Oauth2.java
http://schemas.microsoft.com/rel/trusted-realm
Defined in com/microsoft/aad/adal/ADFSWebFingerValidator.java
https://enterpriseregistration.
Defined in com/microsoft/aad/adal/DRSMetadataRequestor.java
https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/authorize
https://login.windows-ppe.net
https://login.microsoftonline.com
Defined in com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/microsoft/azureactivedirectory/AzureActiveDirectory.java
https://login.microsoftonline.com/microsoft.com/oauth2/token
Defined in com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/microsoft/azureactivedirectory/AzureActiveDirectoryOAuth2Strategy.java
http://test-exp-s2s.msedge.net/ab
Defined in com/microsoft/applications/experimentation/afd/AFDClient.java
https://login.windows.net
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2138939
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2131071
https://login.microsoftonline.us
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=851103
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2130378
https://login.chinacloudapi.cn
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2112757&clcid=0x804
https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=2131070
https://login.partner.microsoftonline.cn
https://login.microsoftonline.de
Defined in com/microsoft/intune/mam/http/KnownClouds.java
http://Passport.NET/purpose::PURPOSE_GETKEYDATA_ANAHEIM
Defined in com/microsoft/authentication/OAuthToken.java
https://login.live.com/oauth20_token.srf
Defined in com/microsoft/authentication/OAuthTokenProvider.java
https://graph.microsoft.com/
https://login.microsoftonline.com/common
https://proxy.cloudwebappproxy.net/registerapp
https://%s.msgraph.msappproxy.net:8082/userqueries/getapplications
https://graph.microsoft.us/
https://login.microsoftonline.us/common
https://proxy.msappproxy.us/registerapp
https://%s.msgraph.msappproxy.us:8082/userqueries/getapplications
Defined in com/microsoft/authentication/adal/SovereignCloudManager.java
https://FIXME.xmqa.cloud.com/Citrix/Store/resources/v2
Defined in com/citrix/auth/internal/a.java
https://citrix.onmicrosoft.com/29b86053-639c-4426-8725-4b3f3ecdaeee
Defined in com/citrix/mvpn/api/MvpnIntuneConstants.java

Permissions analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE read phone state and identity
Allows the application to access the phone features of the device. An application with this permission can determine the phone number and serial number of this phone, whether a call is active, the number that call is connected to and so on.
High android.permission.READ_SMS read SMS or MMS
Allows application to read SMS messages stored on your phone or SIM card. Malicious applications may read your confidential messages.
High android.permission.READ_CONTACTS read contact data
Allows an application to read all of the contact (address) data stored on your phone. Malicious applications can use this to send your data to other people.
High android.permission.CALL_PHONE directly call phone numbers
Allows the application to call phone numbers without your intervention. Malicious applications may cause unexpected calls on your phone bill. Note that this does not allow the application to call emergency numbers.
High android.permission.RECEIVE_SMS receive SMS
Allows application to receive and process SMS messages. Malicious applications may monitor your messages or delete them without showing them to you.
High android.permission.WRITE_SMS edit SMS or MMS
Allows application to write to SMS messages stored on your phone or SIM card. Malicious applications may delete your messages.
High android.permission.SEND_SMS send SMS messages
Allows application to send SMS messages. Malicious applications may cost you money by sending messages without your confirmation.
Low android.permission.SET_WALLPAPER_HINTS set wallpaper size hints
Allows the application to set the system wallpaper size hints.
Low android.permission.INTERNET full Internet access
Allows an application to create network sockets.
Low android.permission.QUERY_ALL_PACKAGES Allows query of any normal app on the device, regardless of manifest declarations.
Low android.permission.FOREGROUND_SERVICE Allows a regular application to use Service.startForeground
Low android.permission.TRANSMIT_IR Allows using the device's IR transmitter, if available.
Low android.permission.BROADCAST_STICKY send sticky broadcast
Allows an application to send sticky broadcasts, which remain after the broadcast ends. Malicious applications can make the phone slow or unstable by causing it to use too much memory.
Low android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED automatically start at boot
Allows an application to start itself as soon as the system has finished booting. This can make it take longer to start the phone and allow the application to slow down the overall phone by always running.
Low android.permission.WAKE_LOCK prevent phone from sleeping
Allows an application to prevent the phone from going to sleep.
Low android.permission.REQUEST_COMPANION_RUN_IN_BACKGROUND Allows a companion app to run in the background.
Low android.permission.REQUEST_IGNORE_BATTERY_OPTIMIZATIONS Permission an application must hold in order to use Settings.ACTION_REQUEST_IGNORE_BATTERY_OPTIMIZATIONS.

Tracking analysis

Information computed with Exodus-core.

Google Firebase Analytics https://reports.exodus-privacy.eu.org/fr/trackers/49
Microsoft Visual Studio App Center Crashes https://reports.exodus-privacy.eu.org/fr/trackers/238

Threat analysis

Information computed with Quark-Engine.

Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Find a method from given class name, usually for reflection
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Monitor the broadcast action events (BOOT_COMPLETED)
Confidence:
100%
Get absolute path of the file and store in string
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Query WiFi information and WiFi Mac Address
Confidence:
100%
Initialize class object dynamically
Confidence:
80%
Read file and put it into a stream

Behavior analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Base64 decode
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/Oauth2.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/microsoft/azureactivedirectory/ClientInfo.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/microsoft/MicrosoftAuthorizationRequest.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/StorageHelper.java
com/citrix/mvpn/c/c.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/StringExtensions.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/IdToken.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/util/StringExtensions.java
Base64 encode
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/PackageHelper.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/Oauth2.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/microsoft/MicrosoftAuthorizationRequest.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/broker/BrokerValidator.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/JWSBuilder.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/StorageHelper.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/PkceChallenge.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/StringExtensions.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/broker/PackageHelper.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/util/StringExtensions.java
Certificate handling
       com/citrix/mvpn/a/a.java
Content provider
       com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDiscovery.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXPolicies.java
com/citrix/mvpn/c/c.java
com/citrix/mvpn/contentprovider/TunnelStateContentProvider.java
Crypto
       com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/StorageHelper.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/IStorageHelper.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/OctetSequenceKey.java
Dynamic class and dexloading
       denial/bubble/net/PDlCzZcKnTrXfGsXpJbPhAzFzOeLrNqDkGbJtHtCdUjXgYsHbIcFzLx.java
Get installed applications
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/BrokerProxy.java
Get system service
       com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/PowerManagerWrapper.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/ASrYmUfNgCyHzCoNmQzNwIqLtIeTmZiQtClYwYxSpGmYp.java
first/ZRtFpNwOkMlUyJsSyZgWzDeQbIuHhGkTqLbIsTdBnKbKhThDw.java
denial/bubble/net/LThBxIbDwLxAyXxJaBrLtWzBsJfUtDgOaZz.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/d.java
denial/bubble/fame/KHwHhJjItImJhTpCsNqXpDwOtHsBmHqBtBnLcEjMgCoGqZxZoSk.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationDialog.java
com/microsoft/bing/usbsdk/api/BingClientManager.java
denial/bubble/fame/EByBdJrKiMlGcKrTp.java
first/JYuHbBlNyErDxArWtTnXhWqCoZdXqFwAfWdJlInCyWhEhXj.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/PLdMmQeQoQqNjYpObPiNqIfXhCdRi.java
denial/online/UPcDtYqWbCaMjNuLsXsGhCbPyOuBiZaQqFcIsIpWqArMdCcSdPwSsNb.java
denial/bubble/net/GUcRlYzWcNxUeFgQfZqUgGdHgBdPkYy.java
denial/bubble/p000double/QEwHrUeQaPqDxKlOtFwClTdQxZxFcKkFcKk.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/LCkYhNyLmIwRpKzDuPkHySfWfPfRwKsXxTuSfJwQuPdIq.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/e.java
denial/bubble/net/ISpXcJyTpWxApEiGi.java
denial/bubble/p000double/SWmOyUuDyMcTqYaWiNrUePfPsDnCiLtGh.java
com/microsoft/theme/entity/ThemeCompatActivity.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/RXbAyYoIjOxRuSqRyJqEyUrRkBjWeWcMnMyRmHhRxWfFa.java
denial/alarm/YRgGxRbPdZoRhCnWiWhRcOoGnInJtQbDjCiJoPz.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/UsageStatsManagerWrapper.java
denial/alarm/JXeQeIoRtMzXxTzTeSdMcDcFfYqCn.java
com/microsoft/intune/mam/policy/appconfig/AndroidEnterpriseAppConfig.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/PZmDtUgMr.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/DeviceAndAppInfo.java
boil/DGyYiGgEiItHiBnHf.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/DWuIgSeEfDyKeNrMnObLmMjMtKtAjPeHsWjJxMeLxXmGuCrKiRdGhOf.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationActivity.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/net/DefaultConnectionService.java
denial/bubble/fame/UCfKgDyLjZhNtQtLwUmXjAfQiNmXtJbGhBmPs.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/ZWuXjWxXxUa.java
Http connection
       com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/net/HttpRequest.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/net/HttpWebRequest.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/net/HttpUrlConnectionFactory.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/HttpWebRequest.java
Https connection
       com/citrix/mvpn/a/b.java
Inter process communication
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/AcquireTokenInteractiveRequest.java
com/microsoft/tokenshare/ITokenProvider.java
com/microsoft/intune/mam/log/MAMLogPIIFactory.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AcquireTokenWithBrokerRequest.java
denial/bubble/net/SEqWqIcOcIiZoEkYoAm.java
com/firebase/jobdispatcher/GooglePlayReceiver.java
denial/bubble/net/FNuWdExEiMmFtWzOmGqEtBjRuHwUcKuPfTaGdRyZdQrOlBgMw.java
denial/alarm/ULyLaLjFuEtOxAp.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/BThHhBiKgUbMbCdWlZnDpSwNr.java
denial/online/ZDoBoXmYbXoTmFeRtSbOeYuTgWhKsEsRdNa.java
denial/bubble/net/NLkMzJdPlAsNjHnSbCnEb.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AcquireTokenRequest.java
boil/TJrBdTpTdRmBqZhZlMiMyLeLnXnAsKcLnXcXeAhXcWdFqTsCyEpXrOd.java
denial/bubble/fame/TCkMgAeHySrSuMyKiXsFiOiZdKzSjPsPrFd.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationDialog.java
denial/bubble/p000double/TNrGtCrKeBjUkXu.java
denial/race/UFuNiRrMhGxAdMaMpUyHpDkMiSnLoBsFoTcLg.java
com/microsoft/intune/mam/policy/AppPolicy.java
denial/bubble/fame/MEsEzLeKnInBrEwIb.java
denial/bubble/net/DEiDqIeMmMoEhFfPiYaHuOaDhLqHlPhStZoJoAuGx.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/KXdHmBkRgEdLlXqLbPjWe.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/b.java
denial/online/NPjHjLrSsTcRsOyIlDdDwDcCrMtNyExZlLtJfBjRw.java
com/firebase/jobdispatcher/JobService.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/KPuAjPrHz.java
denial/alarm/MKpRtDyFnEuNc.java
denial/bubble/net/NBiFeBmIjHmZhMqWfMsDgSmQtXhHcTyXyDgLtZq.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/IWindowComponent.java
denial/bubble/p000double/NTjJoHlYoHdMtHxZbCm.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationContext.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/EWuNuKhCkOnHbRhZnUzFfLoMcOkLuQyTd.java
denial/online/JBrBhUlLmGwXpTpCcFlTtUiMqOpQjUiFcJd.java
denial/bubble/net/NPfWrFqMaEzZuFeSxOyYpXlJzFfJrTiCdThFoWpDlAaDgMuXnHiWj.java
denial/alarm/JPbYsUmGrTbQbZiAmKyCxDmOq.java
denial/bubble/net/UKkUcOhMsRsKhZt.java
com/microsoft/onlineid/internal/sso/service/IMsaSsoService.java
denial/bubble/net/BLxRbOyHzEwFtGoJfEnAqFiOjInOwGtQrFjJhCtPxAlUbOrJwGkIf.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDiscovery.java
denial/bubble/tissue/XKuAbLtRrYrQrTuQwSfDuFmYzGkOmPkSxIiEjOnEtFb.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/PHzBjFkNdBgWtHsUrBaGhDqJyJfIoFeFaFi.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/HAtOsJlOzOaJiEbAsTpSaGoXgBeKw.java
boil/EJtTxSgTaBaQgOsNnHjPcFkBzGfXnQdBhSgSlSiCwLyEfNzEsIb.java
denial/alarm/CElAgOlOg.java
denial/bubble/net/WNsYmQrTjMpHdMbCiGpSuOxDuLwPsLn.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/IBrokerProxy.java
denial/race/ANsKsXxSqSpTtGzWgNpFuQlNeIxApPdYkLnIkGsTyFcCqMb.java
denial/alarm/YCjFlLsAxNqDbSoNzYkBqNdEmNiLtSiGsDeBaWaHh.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/HWlMnYuAaRjArJzYeHeDzLhIbYyRm.java
denial/bubble/net/BUuAzElDzHy.java
denial/bubble/net/UItEjCyZyPbBoHtLlYlCpBs.java
denial/bubble/net/XBaMkCiQuTgHsKkBhTiUjPoZdRzKsWjSeSzYeHw.java
boil/QZdFkCoOqKoXlJdJcThByShLtPeLeBtImEzLeBjSyIfKzPnRzYe.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/a.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/IBrokerAccountService.java
denial/race/NLsHiDnEkQjAdPzYfPy.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/BrokerProxy.java
denial/bubble/net/FMrSwBxNcQuAzYtByAhIrDcSsHwEzNtXrQdUnYjYuFzKpLjFg.java
denial/alarm/QOsJeKaXzMuWlDoIdSoUpIhXmDbIyQkAdKmHdUbMeAjSc.java
denial/bubble/net/JBzXzXbMgIzOpJqAkZnRaDyCnPtIgQbBtAaJg.java
first/TRbPgYmJdHkWuSbUcBqEqAaQwYxXeOsOqGqKbAmQyCiTwQzOpMeOtNh.java
denial/bubble/net/GQwQoJaIiTaCbKhRdYwBlUnNmHkDkYu.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/SecureHubAuthHelperActivity.java
com/citrix/mvpn/a/d.java
denial/online/AAhKcOmFgFzFbZtOc.java
denial/bubble/p000double/BZhSuAq.java
denial/race/XQrZyOrBrYyCgSlGrEfRkHfFoXaEdFkJcUoNyPoRkOzCoSgYaDgGh.java
denial/bubble/fame/FBgHgDkWsKkOwKhLfRfGxMlTpIxFyBwIaQaCzBy.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/BrokerAccountServiceHandler.java
boil/PIjQgLyNbGqQdUcPlYtCrKeWzLaSnMhLjYtArYnZxNrIi.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CtxPolicyChangeReceiver.java
denial/bubble/tissue/KHmZjWpJiYbJxMiWlExOqEjYeTkDqNd.java
denial/bubble/tissue/RSfInApPkMhImMxMuWaUiQpXhNoYpApNhZtTbFqCc.java
denial/bubble/net/SPmOkBdTlPzZzZxYiXfSwNdDcUpSrQzFsMfCcEfJhBgBiQmAfYg.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/DJnFhKsMbYzWbPiCaNfCmKnXeTqCjHf.java
denial/bubble/net/WPiDsLwUl.java
denial/bubble/p000double/EPzTxIrHxYrQtLeXxBnFfGxClDoOxCh.java
com/citrix/auth/a.java
denial/bubble/p000double/HHwPlPmAhRpKkEkGwElOtYh.java
denial/bubble/p000double/FJhRdClHmGoHaPbXaZpUuCpBnGdAb.java
denial/bubble/net/TPdQbQc.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/AuthorizationStrategy.java
denial/bubble/net/EIiLuNwUzTgFkHbStYbYhUdMaBmToPdJbFpKtKlNx.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationActivity.java
denial/bubble/net/QOgKnKhTpSpPcIbNhQoUwFpUwFc.java
com/citrix/mvpn/service/MITMService.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/BasicWebViewClient.java
first/QFnFhZwJtBwGkNnAxMzMcAoLsRkSwFzIgRsSbMzCmUxStRtRxOjIq.java
denial/bubble/p000double/UQmNrCgYlCwTcDgEtBf.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/SettingPreferences.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/AuthorizationResultFactory.java
Java reflection
       com/citrix/mvpn/e/a.java
denial/race/ANsKsXxSqSpTtGzWgNpFuQlNeIxApPdYkLnIkGsTyFcCqMb.java
denial/alarm/YCjFlLsAxNqDbSoNzYkBqNdEmNiLtSiGsDeBaWaHh.java
denial/bubble/net/divert/HWlMnYuAaRjArJzYeHeDzLhIbYyRm.java
denial/bubble/net/SEqWqIcOcIiZoEkYoAm.java
denial/bubble/net/BUuAzElDzHy.java
denial/bubble/net/FNuWdExEiMmFtWzOmGqEtBjRuHwUcKuPfTaGdRyZdQrOlBgMw.java
denial/alarm/ULyLaLjFuEtOxAp.java
denial/bubble/net/unlock/BThHhBiKgUbMbCdWlZnDpSwNr.java
denial/bubble/fame/TCkMgAeHySrSuMyKiXsFiOiZdKzSjPsPrFd.java
denial/bubble/net/FMrSwBxNcQuAzYtByAhIrDcSsHwEzNtXrQdUnYjYuFzKpLjFg.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXPolicies.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/cache/CacheKeyValueDelegate.java
denial/bubble/net/JBzXzXbMgIzOpJqAkZnRaDyCnPtIgQbBtAaJg.java
denial/race/UFuNiRrMhGxAdMaMpUyHpDkMiSnLoBsFoTcLg.java
com/citrix/mvpn/a/d.java
com/citrix/mvpn/a/a.java
denial/bubble/fame/MEsEzLeKnInBrEwIb.java
denial/bubble/net/DEiDqIeMmMoEhFfPiYaHuOaDhLqHlPhStZoJoAuGx.java
denial/online/NPjHjLrSsTcRsOyIlDdDwDcCrMtNyExZlLtJfBjRw.java
boil/PIjQgLyNbGqQdUcPlYtCrKeWzLaSnMhLjYtArYnZxNrIi.java
denial/alarm/MKpRtDyFnEuNc.java
denial/bubble/net/NBiFeBmIjHmZhMqWfMsDgSmQtXhHcTyXyDgLtZq.java
denial/bubble/tissue/KHmZjWpJiYbJxMiWlExOqEjYeTkDqNd.java
denial/bubble/net/essence/EWuNuKhCkOnHbRhZnUzFfLoMcOkLuQyTd.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDictionary.java
denial/bubble/p000double/EPzTxIrHxYrQtLeXxBnFfGxClDoOxCh.java
denial/bubble/net/TPdQbQc.java
denial/bubble/tissue/XKuAbLtRrYrQrTuQwSfDuFmYzGkOmPkSxIiEjOnEtFb.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXApplication.java
denial/bubble/net/RXsCxDwBwEuWxRkIfXfOqUwZmDiZyYjQiDnPpRkOfJjYyBo.java
com/citrix/mvpn/e/b.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/MDXConstants.java
denial/bubble/net/OTbBtSsWbKhRlKpSpOdZkSfTiKuRoEjAxFzDkRzCbLzBcHnIuWh.java
boil/EJtTxSgTaBaQgOsNnHjPcFkBzGfXnQdBhSgSlSiCwLyEfNzEsIb.java
denial/bubble/net/WNsYmQrTjMpHdMbCiGpSuOxDuLwPsLn.java
first/QFnFhZwJtBwGkNnAxMzMcAoLsRkSwFzIgRsSbMzCmUxStRtRxOjIq.java
denial/bubble/net/PDlCzZcKnTrXfGsXpJbPhAzFzOeLrNqDkGbJtHtCdUjXgYsHbIcFzLx.java
Loading native code (shared library)
       com/microsoft/rubysync/WebFilterManager.java
com/microsoft/pal/PalBridge.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/CtxLog.java
Local file i/o operations
       com/citrix/mvpn/e/a.java
com/citrix/mdx/common/MDXDiscovery.java
com/microsoft/mmx/experiment/FeatureManager$FeatureHandler.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/DeviceAndAppInfo.java
com/microsoft/managedbehavior/MAMEdgeManager.java
com/microsoft/intune/mam/policy/MAMEnrollmentStatusCache.java
com/microsoft/authentication/OAuthTokenProvider.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/cache/ISharedPreferencesFileManager.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/cache/SharedPreferencesFileManager.java
com/citrix/worx/sdk/SettingPreferences.java
Message digest
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/PackageHelper.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/RSAKey.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/broker/BrokerValidator.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/cache/StorageHelper.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/ECKey.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/providers/oauth2/PkceChallenge.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/StringExtensions.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/broker/PackageHelper.java
com/microsoft/identity/common/adal/internal/util/StringExtensions.java
Sending broadcast
       com/citrix/worx/sdk/SettingPreferences.java
Set or read clipboard data
       com/microsoft/bing/usbsdk/api/BingClientManager.java
Starting activity
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/AcquireTokenInteractiveRequest.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AcquireTokenWithBrokerRequest.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/IWindowComponent.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/SecureHubAuthHelperActivity.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/AuthenticationContext.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/BasicWebViewClient.java
com/citrix/auth/internal/b.java
Starting service
       com/microsoft/aad/adal/BrokerAccountServiceHandler.java
com/citrix/mvpn/helper/a.java
Tcp socket
       com/microsoft/identity/common/internal/net/HttpRequest.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/Oauth2.java
com/microsoft/aad/adal/Discovery.java
Url connection to file/http/https/ftp/jar
       com/citrix/mvpn/a/b.java
com/citrix/mvpn/api/MicroVPNSDK.java

Control flow graphs analysis

Information computed by Pithus.

The application probably lists running applications

The application probably scans the Wi-Fi network

The application probably gets the Wi-Fi connection information

The application probably gets network interfaces addresses (IP and/or MAC)

The application probably plays sound

The application probably makes OS calls

The application probably gets memory and CPU information