0/65

Threat

com.x8bit.bitwarden

Bitwarden

Analyzed on 2021-03-02T13:57:49.866510

11

permissions

6

activities

11

services

8

receivers

6

domains

File sums

MD5 113c5e0e6159731ff2d24ba06554e8a6
SHA1 e0638f305c0658422dde44c61da4e64c0b3627b7
SHA256 98f3cc0545be64ae67699893661e84b4cb536fbea48407b86ad5ed3a106c7cd3
Size 41.06MB

APKiD

Information computed with APKiD.

/tmp/tmp8r7rqq5x!classes.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.MODEL check
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
  • Build.HARDWARE check
  • network operator name check
  • possible VM check
compiler
  • r8

SSdeep

Information computed with ssdeep.

APK file 786432:Wj5jyvsg0EARltnCT1L6k57tJtePQmc/KvrUtp8KbW60FExc1:Wjo3tARL0R6k57PwPMijUjbKvixS
Manifest 384:DefIQMiLKg1/iMSmUQtuO/V4cFy5qgJ/Km+tQcClWVNuaqM/qSYAF1VYdVZ:DefIQ…
classes.dex 49152:J6Ht+RahrtSbIzeoi0y9QGAhx6L3K62H1JOmA87ZhpxV34/D0JQt8F4SQcxiAA:…

Dexofuzzy

Information computed with Dexofuzzy.

APK file 3072:33RKqFWxQpz565W5JkpM4DbuWSHyzBbQJFki9S+HPzNVJmqo/4iHNtT7kFRhmQQf…
classes.dex 3072:33RKqFWxQpz565W5JkpM4DbuWSHyzBbQJFki9S+HPzNVJmqo/4iHNtT7kFRhmQQf…

APK details

Information computed with AndroGuard and Pithus.

Package com.x8bit.bitwarden
App name Bitwarden
Version name 2.8.2
Version code 3365
SDK 21 - 30
UAID f2d8c926ff21860d687744d589c151014c4e99c3
Signature Signature V1 Signature V2 Signature V3
Frosting Not frosted
Blocks found within V2 signature:
  • 0x7109871a: Unknown
  • 0xf05368c0: Unknown
  • 0x42726577: Verity padding

Certificate details

Information computed with AndroGuard.

MD5 be9ec31af72b4e1b0f69a07d4c60ecbd
SHA1 754185cd4cdfde598748b043048bfe59a17264c2
SHA256 24e06c04c208048f19f1c993b4dda4430ea8b06db8375ea0e37b834696b9ac3a
Issuer Common Name: Unknown, Organizational Unit: Engineering, Organization: 8bit Solutions LLC, Locality: Jacksonville, State/Province: Florida, Country: US
Not before 2016-08-27T02:57:00+00:00
Not after 2044-01-13T02:57:00+00:00

Manifest analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Low App has a Network Security Configuration[android:networkSecurityConfig=@xml/network_security_config]
The Network Security Configuration feature lets apps customize their network security settings in a safe, declarative configuration file without modifying app code. These settings can be configured for specific domains and for a specific app.
High Broadcast Receiver (com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Activity (crc640744bad199c09ddf.WebAuthCallbackActivity) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Activity is explicitly exported.
High Service (com.x8bit.bitwarden.AutofillTileService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_QUICK_SETTINGS_TILE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (com.x8bit.bitwarden.GeneratorTileService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_QUICK_SETTINGS_TILE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (com.x8bit.bitwarden.MyVaultTileService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_QUICK_SETTINGS_TILE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (crc64665018c147d47624.FirebaseInstanceIdService) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Service is explicitly exported.
High Service (crc64665018c147d47624.FirebaseMessagingService) is not Protected.An intent-filter exists.
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. The presence of intent-filter indicates that the Service is explicitly exported.
High Service (com.x8bit.bitwarden.Autofill.AutofillService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_AUTOFILL_SERVICE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (com.x8bit.bitwarden.Accessibility.AccessibilityService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_ACCESSIBILITY_SERVICE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Activity (androidx.biometric.DeviceCredentialHandlerActivity) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Service (com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdService) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Service (com.google.firebase.messaging.FirebaseMessagingService) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.

Browsable activities

Information computed with MobSF.

crc640744bad199c09ddf.WebAuthCallbackActivity

Schemes: bitwarden://

Main Activity

Information computed with AndroGuard.

['com.x8bit.bitwarden.MainActivity', 'crc640744bad199c09ddf.WebAuthCallbackActivity', 'crc64146a87ec25695e32.AccessibilityActivity', 'crc6480997b3ef81bf9b2.ZxingActivity', 'androidx.biometric.DeviceCredentialHandlerActivity', 'com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiActivity']

Activities

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.x8bit.bitwarden.MainActivity
crc640744bad199c09ddf.WebAuthCallbackActivity
crc64146a87ec25695e32.AccessibilityActivity
crc6480997b3ef81bf9b2.ZxingActivity
androidx.biometric.DeviceCredentialHandlerActivity
com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiActivity

Receivers

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdInternalReceiver
com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdReceiver
com.x8bit.bitwarden.ClearClipboardAlarmReceiver
com.x8bit.bitwarden.RestrictionsChangedReceiver
com.x8bit.bitwarden.EventUploadReceiver
com.x8bit.bitwarden.LockAlarmReceiver
com.x8bit.bitwarden.PackageReplacedReceiver
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9.PowerSaveModeBroadcastReceiver

Services

Information computed with AndroGuard.

crc64396a3fe5f8138e3f.KeepAliveService
com.x8bit.bitwarden.AutofillTileService
com.x8bit.bitwarden.GeneratorTileService
com.x8bit.bitwarden.MyVaultTileService
crc64665018c147d47624.FirebaseInstanceIdService
crc64665018c147d47624.FirebaseMessagingService
com.x8bit.bitwarden.Autofill.AutofillService
com.x8bit.bitwarden.Accessibility.AccessibilityService
com.google.firebase.components.ComponentDiscoveryService
com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdService
com.google.firebase.messaging.FirebaseMessagingService

NIAP analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1 The application use no DRBG functionality for its cryptographic operations.
Random Bit Generation Services
FCS_STO_EXT.1.1 The application does not store any credentials to non-volatile memory.
Storage of Credentials
FCS_CKM_EXT.1.1 The application implement asymmetric key generation.
Cryptographic Key Generation Services
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.1 The application has access to ['network connectivity', 'NFC', 'camera'].
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.2 The application has access to no sensitive information repositories.
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_NET_EXT.1.1 The application has user/application initiated network communications.
Network Communications
FDP_DAR_EXT.1.1 The application implement functionality to encrypt sensitive data in non-volatile memory.
Encryption Of Sensitive Application Data
FMT_MEC_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the mechanisms recommended by the platform vendor for storing and setting configuration options.
Supported Configuration Mechanism
FTP_DIT_EXT.1.1 The application does encrypt some transmitted data with HTTPS/TLS/SSH between itself and another trusted IT product.
Protection of Data in Transit
FCS_CKM.1.1(1) The application generate asymmetric cryptographic keys in accordance with a specified cryptographic key generation algorithm RSA schemes using cryptographic key sizes of 2048-bit or greater.
Cryptographic Asymmetric Key Generation
FCS_COP.1.1(2) The application perform cryptographic hashing services in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm SHA-1/SHA-256/SHA-384/SHA-512 and message digest sizes 160/256/384/512 bits.
Cryptographic Operation - Hashing
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.1 The application implement the HTTPS protocol that complies with RFC 2818.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.2 The application implement HTTPS using TLS.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.3 The application notify the user and not establish the connection or request application authorization to establish the connection if the peer certificate is deemed invalid.
HTTPS Protocol
FIA_X509_EXT.2.1 The application use X.509v3 certificates as defined by RFC 5280 to support authentication for HTTPS , TLS.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FIA_X509_EXT.2.2 When the application cannot establish a connection to determine the validity of a certificate, the application allow the administrator to choose whether to accept the certificate in these cases or accept the certificate ,or not accept the certificate.
X.509 Certificate Authentication

Code analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Medium
CVSS:4.3
IP Address disclosure
MASVS: MSTG-CODE-2
CWE-200 Information Exposure
Files:
 mono/android/media/audiofx/PresetReverb_OnParameterChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnUnhandledKeyEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/RemoteController_OnClientUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/AlarmManager_OnAlarmListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/nsd/NsdManager_ResolveListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/InnerGestureListener.java
mono/android/nfc/NfcAdapter_OnTagRemovedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaDrm_OnEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/animation/Animator_AnimatorPauseListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/FragmentBreadCrumbs_OnBreadCrumbClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/Camera_FaceDetectionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/MenuItem_OnMenuItemClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/transition/Transition_TransitionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/SharedElementCallback_OnSharedElementsReadyListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/Filter_FilterListenerImplementor.java
crc64ee486da937c010f4/ButtonRenderer.java
mono/android/widget/DatePicker_OnDateChangedListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/EditorRendererBase_1.java
mono/android/view/View_OnLongClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/WindowInsetsController_OnControllableInsetsChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/webkit/WebIconDatabase_IconListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/SwitchRenderer.java
mono/android/media/MediaDrm_OnExpirationUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnScrollChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnLayoutChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/StrictMode_OnThreadViolationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/animation/Animator_AnimatorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/webkit/DownloadListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnSeekCompleteListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/DatePickerDialog_OnDateSetListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnWindowFocusChangeListenerImplementor.java
com/xamarin/java_interop/internal/JavaProxyObject.java
mono/java/lang/Runnable.java
mono/android/drm/DrmManagerClient_OnErrorListenerImplementor.java
android/runtime/XmlReaderResourceParser.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/WallpaperManager_OnColorsChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/RecoverySystem_ProgressListenerImplementor.java
crc643eead1a2954d3917/CameraEventsListener.java
mono/android/app/TabEventDispatcher.java
mono/android/net/wifi/WifiManager_SuggestionConnectionStatusListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/animation/Animation_AnimationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/location/GpsStatus_NmeaListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewGroup_OnHierarchyChangeListenerImplementor.java
crc64e6d0b84c6264ccdd/AuthenticationHandler.java
mono/android/media/ImageWriter_OnImageReleasedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_P2pStateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/graphics/ImageDecoder_OnPartialImageListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/SearchView_OnSuggestionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/sip/SipRegistrationListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ViewCellRenderer_ViewCellContainer_LongPressGestureListener.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_ActionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/AudioTrack_OnCodecFormatChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnTimedMetaDataAvailableListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/bluetooth/BluetoothProfile_ServiceListenerImplementor.java
crc6480997b3ef81bf9b2/ActivityLifecycleContextListener.java
mono/android/animation/LayoutTransition_TransitionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/UiAutomation_OnAccessibilityEventListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ShellContentFragment.java
mono/android/widget/TextView_OnEditorActionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/AudioRouting_OnRoutingChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/location/GpsStatus_ListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnCapturedPointerListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/ActionBar_OnNavigationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/webkit/WebView_PictureListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ImageButtonRenderer.java
mono/android/media/MediaRecorder_OnInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnSubtitleDataListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/Loader_OnLoadCanceledListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/text/TextWatcherImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/SelectableViewHolder.java
mono/android/app/SearchManager_OnCancelListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/speech/tts/TextToSpeech_OnUtteranceCompletedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaCas_EventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaCodec_OnFrameRenderedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnWindowAttachListenerImplementor.java
mono/javax/xml/transform/ErrorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/RemoteControlClient_OnMetadataUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_ServiceResponseListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/ConnectivityManager_OnNetworkActiveListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ButtonRenderer_ButtonTouchListener.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ShellToolbarTracker.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnKeyListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/Window_OnFrameMetricsAvailableListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ScaleGestureDetector_OnScaleGestureListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnApplyWindowInsetsListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/JetPlayer_OnJetEventListenerImplementor.java
crc64720bb2db43a66fe9/NavigationPageRenderer_ClickListener.java
mono/android/widget/Toolbar_OnMenuItemClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnAttachStateChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/AudioEffect_OnEnableStatusChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnHoverListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/MenuItem_OnActionExpandListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnTouchListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/gesture/GestureOverlayView_OnGestureListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_DnsSdTxtRecordListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/AutoCompleteTextView_OnDismissListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnScrollChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/gesture/GestureOverlayView_OnGesturingListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/ExpandableListView_OnGroupCollapseListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/FileUtils_ProgressListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_DeviceInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/GestureDetector_OnContextClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/midi/MidiManager_OnDeviceOpenedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/admin/DevicePolicyManager_OnClearApplicationUserDataListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/SearchView_OnCloseListenerImplementor.java
mono/java/lang/RunnableImplementor.java
mono/android/os/MessageQueue_OnFileDescriptorEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/Equalizer_OnParameterChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/ExpandableListView_OnGroupExpandListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/PopupMenu_OnDismissListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ViewCellRenderer_ViewCellContainer_TapGestureListener.java
mono/android/sax/EndElementListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/accessibility/AccessibilityManager_TouchExplorationStateChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/ActionHandlerCallback.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnCancelListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/AbsListView_OnScrollListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ActionSheetRenderer.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnPreparedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_NetworkInfoListenerImplementor.java
com/xamarin/java_interop/internal/JavaProxyThrowable.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_ConnectionInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/Virtualizer_OnParameterChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/webkit/WebView_FindListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/CellAdapter.java
mono/android/widget/SlidingDrawer_OnDrawerCloseListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaSync_OnErrorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/ExpandableListView_OnGroupClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/Camera_OnZoomChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/inputmethodservice/KeyboardView_OnKeyboardActionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/PowerManager_OnThermalStatusChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/AudioRecord_OnRecordPositionUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/accessibilityservice/AccessibilityService_SoftKeyboardController_OnShowModeChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/tv/TvView_OnUnhandledInputEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/AppOpsManager_OnOpActiveChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/AbsListView_RecyclerListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnTouchModeChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/sax/EndTextElementListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/session/MediaSessionManager_OnActiveSessionsChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/preference/PreferenceManager_OnActivityResultListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/PopupMenu_OnMenuItemClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/animation/TimeAnimator_TimeListenerImplementor.java
opentk_1_0/platform/android/AndroidGameView.java
mono/android/speech/tts/TextToSpeech_OnInitListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/GenericMenuClickListener.java
mono/android/media/effect/EffectUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/CancellationSignal_OnCancelListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_GroupInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/ClipboardManager_OnPrimaryClipChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnPreDrawListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/AudioManager_OnAudioFocusChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnGenericMotionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaRecorder_OnErrorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/nsd/NsdManager_RegistrationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/drm/DrmManagerClient_OnInfoListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/ActionBar_TabListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/StrictMode_OnVmViolationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/SoundPool_OnLoadCompleteListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/TabHost_OnTabChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/accessibility/AccessibilityManager_AccessibilityStateChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnClickListenerImplementor.java
crc6480997b3ef81bf9b2/ZXingSurfaceView.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_PeerListListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnGlobalLayoutListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewStub_OnInflateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/GestureDetector_OnGestureListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/ApplicationRegistration.java
mono/android/app/Application_OnProvideAssistDataListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnBufferingUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/SensorEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/sax/StartElementListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/ExpandableListView_OnChildClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/TypeManager.java
mono/android/graphics/drawable/Icon_OnDrawableLoadedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnContextClickListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ListViewRenderer_ListViewScrollDetector.java
mono/android/widget/ShareActionProvider_OnShareTargetSelectedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnCompletionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/SensorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnDismissListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/VisualElementTracker_AttachTracker.java
mono/android/content/Loader_OnLoadCompleteListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/NumberPicker_OnValueChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/ImageReader_OnImageAvailableListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/SeekBar_OnSeekBarChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/database/sqlite/SQLiteTransactionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/renderscript/Allocation_OnBufferAvailableListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/EnvironmentalReverb_OnParameterChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/preference/PreferenceManager_OnActivityDestroyListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/animation/ValueAnimator_AnimatorUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnErrorListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaRouter2_OnGetControllerHintsListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/RemoteControlClient_OnPlaybackPositionUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnKeyListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/preference/Preference_OnPreferenceChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/BassBoost_OnParameterChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/FragmentManager_OnBackStackChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/preference/Preference_OnPreferenceClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnCreateContextMenuListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/CalendarView_OnDateChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ActionProvider_VisibilityListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/Window_OnRestrictedCaptionAreaChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnMediaTimeDiscontinuityListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/GenericGlobalLayoutListener.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_DnsSdServiceResponseListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/animation/AnimatorEventDispatcher.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ButtonRenderer_ButtonClickListener.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnDrawListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/RadioGroup_OnCheckedChangeListenerImplementor.java
android/app/ActivityTracker.java
crc64435a5ac349fa9fda/ActivityLifecycleContextListener.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/EntryCellView.java
mono/android/speech/RecognitionListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/CheckBoxDesignerRenderer.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/GroupedListViewAdapter.java
mono/android/location/GnssAntennaInfo_ListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/AdapterView_OnItemClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/SlidingDrawer_OnDrawerOpenListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/AudioTrack_OnPlaybackPositionUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/SharedPreferences_OnSharedPreferenceChangeListenerImplementor.java
crc64350623dcb797cc38/AndroidHttpClientAdapter.java
mono/android/widget/SlidingDrawer_OnDrawerScrollListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnTimedTextListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnDragListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/ActionBar_OnMenuVisibilityListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/SearchView_OnQueryTextListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaDrm_OnKeyStatusChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnFocusChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaScannerConnection_OnScanCompletedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnDrmPreparedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_ChannelListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/location/OnNmeaMessageListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/textservice/SpellCheckerSession_SpellCheckerSessionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnVideoSizeChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/AudioEffect_OnControlStatusChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/graphics/ImageDecoder_OnHeaderDecodedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/TimePickerDialog_OnTimeSetListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/AppOpsManager_OnOpChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/TextureView_SurfaceTextureListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/Chronometer_OnChronometerTickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/net/nsd/NsdManager_DiscoveryListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/SwitchCellView.java
mono/android/accounts/OnAccountsUpdateListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaPlayer_OnDrmInfoListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/FormattedStringExtensions_LineHeightSpan.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/MediaElementRenderer.java
mono/android/widget/NumberPicker_OnScrollListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnMultiChoiceClickListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/WebViewRenderer_JavascriptResult.java
mono/android/widget/PopupWindow_OnDismissListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/TimePicker_OnTimeChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/preference/PreferenceManager_OnActivityStopListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/ViewTreeObserver_OnGlobalFocusChangeListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/SearchBarRenderer.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_DiscoveryStateListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ConditionalFocusLayout.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ShellSearchViewAdapter.java
mono/android/drm/DrmManagerClient_OnEventListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/MediaDrm_OnSessionLostStateListenerImplementor.java
crc64a0e0a82d0db9a07d/ActivityLifecycleContextListener.java
mono/android/gesture/GestureOverlayView_OnGesturePerformedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/content/DialogInterface_OnShowListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ShellSectionRenderer.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/CarouselViewRenderer_CarouselViewwOnGlobalLayoutListener.java
mono/android/widget/AdapterView_OnItemLongClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/os/ParcelFileDescriptor_OnCloseListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ViewRenderer_2.java
mono/android/view/PixelCopy_OnPixelCopyFinishedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnSystemUiVisibilityChangeListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ButtonRenderer.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/SliderRenderer.java
mono/android/widget/RatingBar_OnRatingBarChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/CompoundButton_OnCheckedChangeListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/session/MediaSessionManager_OnSession2TokensChangedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/ZoomButtonsController_OnZoomListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/CheckBoxRendererBase.java
mono/android/widget/ActionMenuView_OnMenuItemClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/app/SearchManager_OnDismissListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/OpenGLViewRenderer_Renderer.java
mono/android/net/wifi/p2p/WifiP2pManager_UpnpServiceResponseListenerImplementor.java
android/runtime/XmlReaderPullParser.java
mono/android/view/GestureDetector_OnDoubleTapListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/StepperRendererManager_StepperListener.java
crc64720bb2db43a66fe9/ButtonRenderer.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/ShellSearchView.java
crc64720bb2db43a66fe9/SwitchRenderer.java
mono/android/se/omapi/SEService_OnConnectedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/input/InputManager_InputDeviceListenerImplementor.java
crc64720bb2db43a66fe9/NavigationPageRenderer.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/EntryRendererBase_1.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/TimePickerRendererBase_1.java
mono/android/view/WindowInsetsAnimationControlListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/location/LocationListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/widget/AdapterView_OnItemSelectedListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/audiofx/Visualizer_OnDataCaptureListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/view/View_OnClickListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/media/RemoteControlClient_OnGetPlaybackPositionListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/graphics/SurfaceTexture_OnFrameAvailableListenerImplementor.java
mono/android/hardware/display/DisplayManager_DisplayListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/PickerManager_PickerListener.java
mono/android/accessibilityservice/AccessibilityService_MagnificationController_OnMagnificationChangedListenerImplementor.java
Low
CVSS:7.5
The App logs information. Sensitive information should never be logged.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-3
CWE-532 Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
Files:
 com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/OneCollectorIngestion.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/AppCenter.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/AbstractAppCallTemplate.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpClientRetryer.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/channel/DefaultChannel.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/one/CommonSchemaLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/channel/OneCollectorChannelListener.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/AsyncTaskUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/persistence/DatabasePersistence.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/DatabaseManager.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/context/UserIdContext.java
mono/android/incrementaldeployment/IncrementalClassLoader.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/context/SessionContext.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/HandledErrorLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/UncaughtExceptionHandler.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/DefaultHttpClientCallTask.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/utils/ErrorLogHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/FileManager.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/DeviceInfoHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/ManagedErrorLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/crypto/CryptoUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/Constants.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ServiceInstrumentationUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/WrapperSdkExceptionManager.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/AbstractErrorLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/one/PartAUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/one/CommonSchemaDataUtils.java
mono/MonoPackageManager.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/ErrorAttachmentLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/Flags.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/IdHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/Crashes.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/DefaultHttpClient.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/AppCenterLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/NetworkStateHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/AbstractLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/CustomProperties.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/AbstractAppCenterService.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpClientNetworkStateHandler.java
High
CVSS:7.4
Files may contain hardcoded sensitive informations like usernames, passwords, keys etc.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-14
CWE-312 Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information
M9: Reverse Engineering
Files:
 com/microsoft/appcenter/persistence/DatabasePersistence.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/DatabaseManager.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/OneCollectorIngestion.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/DefaultHttpClient.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/AppCenter.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/WrapperSdk.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/context/SessionContext.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/channel/DefaultChannel.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/models/one/CommonSchemaLog.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/Constants.java
High
CVSS:5.5
App can read/write to External Storage. Any App can read data written to External Storage.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-2
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
M2: Insecure Data Storage
Files:
 mono/MonoPackageManager.java
High
CVSS:7.5
The App uses an insecure Random Number Generator.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-6
CWE-330 Use of Insufficiently Random Values
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpClientRetryer.java
High
CVSS:5.9
App uses SQLite Database and execute raw SQL query. Untrusted user input in raw SQL queries can cause SQL Injection. Also sensitive information should be encrypted and written to the database.
CWE-89 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')
M7: Client Code Quality
Files:
 com/microsoft/appcenter/persistence/DatabasePersistence.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/SQLiteUtils.java
Medium
CVSS:0
This app listens to Clipboard changes. Some malwares also listen to Clipboard changes.
MASVS: MSTG-PLATFORM-4
Files:
 mono/android/content/ClipboardManager_OnPrimaryClipChangedListenerImplementor.java
Medium
CVSS:0
This App uses SQL Cipher. But the secret may be hardcoded.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-1
Files:
 com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/DatabaseManager.java
Pygal Germany: 100 Netherlands: 100 United States: 400

Map computed by Pithus.

Network analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High Base config is insecurely configured to permit clear text traffic to all domains.
Scope: ['*']
Medium Base config is configured to trust system certificates.
Scope: ['*']
High Base config is configured to trust user installed certificates.
Scope: ['*']
Info Domain config is securely configured to disallow clear text traffic to these domains in scope.
Scope: ['bitwarden.com']
Medium Domain config is configured to trust system certificates.
Scope: ['bitwarden.com']

Domains analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

US www.mono-project.com 185.199.111.153
US code.google.com 142.250.185.142
NL mobile.events.data.microsoft.com 52.114.75.149
US in.appcenter.ms 52.177.138.113
DE docs.microsoft.com 92.123.151.23
US bitwarden-c2b35.firebaseio.com 35.201.97.85

URL analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

https://mobile.events.data.microsoft.com/OneCollector/1.0
Defined in com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/OneCollectorIngestion.java
https://in.appcenter.ms
Defined in com/microsoft/appcenter/ingestion/AppCenterIngestion.java
https://bitwarden-c2b35.firebaseio.com
Defined in Android String Resource
https://docs.microsoft.com/xamarin/ios/internals/limitations#reverse-callbacks
file:///%s
file:///
Defined in lib/armeabi-v7a/libmonosgen-2.0.so
https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=63929
Defined in lib/armeabi-v7a/libmonodroid.so
http://www.mono-project.com/Diagnostic:Delegate
https://docs.microsoft.com/xamarin/ios/internals/limitations#reverse-callbacks
file:///%s
file:///
Defined in lib/x86_64/libmonosgen-2.0.so
https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=63929
Defined in lib/x86_64/libmonodroid.so
https://docs.microsoft.com/xamarin/ios/internals/limitations#reverse-callbacks
file:///%s
file:///
Defined in lib/arm64-v8a/libmonosgen-2.0.so
https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=63929
Defined in lib/arm64-v8a/libmonodroid.so
http://www.mono-project.com/Diagnostic:Delegate
https://docs.microsoft.com/xamarin/ios/internals/limitations#reverse-callbacks
file:///%s
file:///
Defined in lib/x86/libmonosgen-2.0.so
https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=63929
Defined in lib/x86/libmonodroid.so

Permissions analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE read/modify/delete external storage contents
Allows an application to write to external storage.
High android.permission.CAMERA take pictures and videos
Allows application to take pictures and videos with the camera. This allows the application to collect images that the camera is seeing at any time.
High android.permission.SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW display system-level alerts
Allows an application to show system-alert windows. Malicious applications can take over the entire screen of the phone.
Low android.permission.INTERNET full Internet access
Allows an application to create network sockets.
Low android.permission.NFC control Near-Field Communication
Allows an application to communicate with Near-Field Communication (NFC) tags, cards and readers.
Low android.permission.USE_FINGERPRINT allow use of fingerprint
This constant was deprecated in API level 28. Applications should request USE_BIOMETRIC instead
Low android.permission.USE_BIOMETRIC Allows an app to use device supported biometric modalities.
Low android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE view network status
Allows an application to view the status of all networks.
Low android.permission.WAKE_LOCK prevent phone from sleeping
Allows an application to prevent the phone from going to sleep.
Medium com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE C2DM permissions
Permission for cloud to device messaging.
com.samsung.android.providers.context.permission.WRITE_USE_APP_FEATURE_SURVEY Unknown permission
Unknown permission from android reference

Tracking analysis

Information computed with Exodus-core.

Google Firebase Analytics https://reports.exodus-privacy.eu.org/fr/trackers/49
Microsoft Visual Studio App Center Crashes https://reports.exodus-privacy.eu.org/fr/trackers/238

Threat analysis

Information computed with Quark-Engine.

Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Find a method from given class name, usually for reflection
Confidence:
100%
Modify voice volume
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Get the network operator name
Confidence:
100%
Load class from given class name
Confidence:
100%
Retrieve data from broadcast
Confidence:
100%
Read sensitive data(SMS, CALLLOG, etc)
Confidence:
100%
Open a file from given absolute path of the file
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.) via setData
Confidence:
100%
Monitor the broadcast action events (BOOT_COMPLETED)
Confidence:
100%
Get absolute path of the file and store in string
Confidence:
100%
Query The ISO country code
Confidence:
100%
Get last known location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Get location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Query data from URI (SMS, CALLLOGS)
Confidence:
100%
Get the time of current location
Confidence:
100%
Initialize class object dynamically
Confidence:
100%
Get specific method from other Dex files
Confidence:
80%
Read file and put it into a stream
Confidence:
80%
Get declared method from given method name
Confidence:
80%
Query the network operator name
Confidence:
80%
Get resource file from res/raw directory

Behavior analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Base64 decode
       com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/crypto/CryptoUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/ErrorAttachmentLog.java
Base64 encode
       com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/crypto/CryptoUtils.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/ingestion/models/ErrorAttachmentLog.java
Certificate handling
       com/microsoft/appcenter/http/TLS1_2SocketFactory.java
xamarin/android/net/OldAndroidSSLSocketFactory.java
Content provider
       mono/MonoRuntimeProvider.java
mono/android/MultiDexLoader.java
Crypto
       com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/crypto/CryptoAesHandler.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/crypto/CryptoUtils.java
Get system service
       com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/NetworkStateHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/crashes/utils/ErrorLogHelper.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/DeviceInfoHelper.java
Https connection
       com/microsoft/appcenter/http/DefaultHttpClientCallTask.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/TLS1_2SocketFactory.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpUtils.java
Inter process communication
       mono/android/app/IntentService.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/RestrictionsChangedReceiver.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/MainApplication.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/PackageReplacedReceiver.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/ClearClipboardAlarmReceiver.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/PowerSaveModeBroadcastReceiver.java
mono/android/preference/PreferenceManager_OnActivityResultListenerImplementor.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/FormsApplicationActivity.java
mono/MonoPackageManager.java
mono/android/app/NotifyTimeZoneChanges.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/LockAlarmReceiver.java
crc64146a87ec25695e32/AccessibilityActivity.java
crc64396a3fe5f8138e3f/KeepAliveService.java
crc643f46942d9dd1fff9/FormsAppCompatActivity.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/NetworkStateHelper.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/EventUploadReceiver.java
mono/android/widget/ShareActionProvider_OnShareTargetSelectedListenerImplementor.java
com/x8bit/bitwarden/MainActivity.java
Java reflection
       mono/android/incrementaldeployment/IncrementalClassLoader.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/InstrumentationRegistryHelper.java
Loading native code (shared library)
       mono/MonoPackageManager.java
Local file i/o operations
       mono/MonoPackageManager.java
mono/android/MultiDexLoader.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/storage/SharedPreferencesManager.java
Message digest
       com/microsoft/appcenter/utils/HashUtils.java
Set or read clipboard data
       mono/android/content/ClipboardManager_OnPrimaryClipChangedListenerImplementor.java
Starting service
       com/microsoft/appcenter/AppCenter.java
Tcp socket
       com/microsoft/appcenter/http/TLS1_2SocketFactory.java
xamarin/android/net/OldAndroidSSLSocketFactory.java
com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpUtils.java
Url connection to file/http/https/ftp/jar
       com/microsoft/appcenter/http/HttpUtils.java