0/46

Threat

com.bwing.apps

Bwing

Analyzed on 2022-07-21T11:09:16.044901

22

permissions

4

activities

9

services

4

receivers

8

domains

File sums

MD5 75c39abed94a24fe53b0e6327db959ae
SHA1 7a1303b39c320195e0e39910d46305e67a675863
SHA256 da94996d16f134a2931a62e27d97f80a59295103497d32bd2022c3cf3896b02b
Size 38.32MB

APKiD

Information computed with APKiD.

/tmp/tmppaxn0q5f!classes.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.FINGERPRINT check
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
  • possible Build.SERIAL check
  • Build.TAGS check
compiler
  • r8
/tmp/tmppaxn0q5f!classes2.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.FINGERPRINT check
  • Build.MODEL check
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
  • Build.PRODUCT check
  • Build.HARDWARE check
  • Build.BOARD check
  • possible Build.SERIAL check
  • Build.TAGS check
  • network operator name check
  • possible VM check
anti_debug
  • Debug.isDebuggerConnected() check
compiler
  • r8 without marker (suspicious)
/tmp/tmppaxn0q5f!classes3.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
compiler
  • r8 without marker (suspicious)

SSdeep

Information computed with ssdeep.

APK file 786432:UpsSj6R7G9iNmnk3P+nU8r8eO6E/Gg74PKEPNlVVEEqK16i20XsPwa:Umoo7G9iskfcoe44CEHV4K16PXwa
Manifest 384:1jeaeDzRvyGVQkrbnNWJ0p30pRjPRbo5RTRAPicUSa0ejI/lTNkAZe:FeaeDzRvyG…
classes.dex 98304:L7vCPRAQz9u2vOLlJ2VeSK62NMyU7HJT4TnlONJB:L7vCPRvuHJEonlU
classes2.dex 98304:z/gx7G8weS3zUfy5dEz9SbxGDX3UIZOfnBy0Yr+biBp4hzUaW:z/j5dfBy0Yr+b…
classes3.dex 49152:Tajid68jwrhW90PNzwzZA8hjWfX3d4XO0PqnoL:TajiK+e0Pge

Dexofuzzy

Information computed with Dexofuzzy.

APK file 12288:uFRdCy256DEjxuGB7ooz22h0ca6NM7cwcgqe:EC56IxuGPpHaDVbqe
classes.dex 6144:uFtTLd3SIlmrjD5u1q58jDq8c3jxuGBTXommk8fNQjHp:uFRdCy256DEjxuGB7oo…
classes2.dex 6144:+3tn2fZXtGliaQjHNoxXV25YcpzKyBLjZy4V:s2h0ca6NM7cwcgY
classes3.dex 3072:ypoUs3td5Oe/prr8BvfgyaKgIPbAxNH8fv8oKY6sT:YqtEwagIPbAxNH8fv8lsT

APK details

Information computed with AndroGuard and Pithus.

Package com.bwing.apps
App name Bwing
Version name 1.1.0
Version code 10100
SDK 21 - 30
UAID 3453f161c7271632f5a917168e553093f29f2639
Signature Signature V1 Signature V2
Frosting Not frosted
Blocks found within V2 signature:
  • 0x7109871a: Unknown
  • 0x504b4453: Dependency metadata
  • 0x42726577: Verity padding

Certificate details

Information computed with AndroGuard.

MD5 57532f0cd127b5abcba830e27bc307fe
SHA1 7de50520a28a153e155e76e89e8c97064cafd97b
SHA256 bd2bceb8e1581bd26b34a402a0dd67640c0da3d9aebc257dbff96a5dcf7c3124
Issuer Common Name: bwing, Organizational Unit: bwing, Organization: bwing, Locality: bwing, State/Province: bwing, Country: CN
Not before 2022-02-14T04:25:36+00:00
Not after 2049-07-02T04:25:36+00:00

File Analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Findings Files
Certificate/Key files hardcoded inside the app. META-INF/services/io.grpc.LoadBalancerProvider
META-INF/services/io.grpc.ManagedChannelProvider
META-INF/services/io.grpc.NameResolverProvider

Manifest analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High Broadcast Receiver (io.invertase.firebase.messaging.ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Broadcast Receiver (com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (com.google.android.gms.auth.api.signin.RevocationBoundService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: com.google.android.gms.auth.api.signin.permission.REVOCATION_NOTIFICATION [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.

Main Activity

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.bwing.MainActivity

Activities

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.bwing.MainActivity
com.facebook.react.devsupport.DevSettingsActivity
com.google.android.gms.auth.api.signin.internal.SignInHubActivity
com.google.android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiActivity

Receivers

Information computed with AndroGuard.

io.invertase.firebase.messaging.ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingReceiver
com.google.firebase.iid.FirebaseInstanceIdReceiver
com.google.android.datatransport.runtime.scheduling.jobscheduling.AlarmManagerSchedulerBroadcastReceiver
com.google.android.gms.measurement.AppMeasurementReceiver

Services

Information computed with AndroGuard.

io.invertase.firebase.messaging.ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingHeadlessService
io.invertase.firebase.messaging.ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingService
com.google.firebase.components.ComponentDiscoveryService
com.google.firebase.messaging.FirebaseMessagingService
com.google.android.datatransport.runtime.backends.TransportBackendDiscovery
com.google.android.datatransport.runtime.scheduling.jobscheduling.JobInfoSchedulerService
com.google.android.gms.auth.api.signin.RevocationBoundService
com.google.android.gms.measurement.AppMeasurementService
com.google.android.gms.measurement.AppMeasurementJobService

Sample timeline

Oldest file found in APK Jan. 1, 1981, 1:01 a.m.
Latest file found in APK Jan. 1, 1981, 1:01 a.m.
Certificate valid not before Feb. 14, 2022, 4:25 a.m.
First submission on VT March 12, 2022, 3:31 p.m.
Last submission on VT March 12, 2022, 3:31 p.m.
Upload on Pithus July 21, 2022, 11:09 a.m.
Certificate valid not after July 2, 2049, 4:25 a.m.

NIAP analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1 The application invoke platform-provided DRBG functionality for its cryptographic operations.
Random Bit Generation Services
FCS_STO_EXT.1.1 The application does not store any credentials to non-volatile memory.
Storage of Credentials
FCS_CKM_EXT.1.1 The application implement asymmetric key generation.
Cryptographic Key Generation Services
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.1 The application has access to ['network connectivity'].
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.2 The application has access to no sensitive information repositories.
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_NET_EXT.1.1 The application has user/application initiated network communications.
Network Communications
FDP_DAR_EXT.1.1 The application implement functionality to encrypt sensitive data in non-volatile memory.
Encryption Of Sensitive Application Data
FMT_MEC_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the mechanisms recommended by the platform vendor for storing and setting configuration options.
Supported Configuration Mechanism
FTP_DIT_EXT.1.1 The application does encrypt some transmitted data with HTTPS/TLS/SSH between itself and another trusted IT product.
Protection of Data in Transit
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.1
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.2
The application perform all deterministic random bit generation (DRBG) services in accordance with NIST Special Publication 800-90A using Hash_DRBG. The deterministic RBG is seeded by an entropy source that accumulates entropy from a platform-based DRBG and a software-based noise source, with a minimum of 256 bits of entropy at least equal to the greatest security strength (according to NIST SP 800-57) of the keys and hashes that it will generate.
Random Bit Generation from Application
FCS_CKM.1.1(1) The application generate asymmetric cryptographic keys in accordance with a specified cryptographic key generation algorithm RSA schemes using cryptographic key sizes of 2048-bit or greater.
Cryptographic Asymmetric Key Generation
FCS_COP.1.1(1) The application perform encryption/decryption in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES-CBC (as defined in NIST SP 800-38A) mode or AES-GCM (as defined in NIST SP 800-38D) and cryptographic key sizes 256-bit/128-bit.
Cryptographic Operation - Encryption/Decryption
FCS_COP.1.1(2) The application perform cryptographic hashing services not in accordance with FCS_COP.1.1(2) and uses the cryptographic algorithm RC2/RC4/MD4/MD5.
Cryptographic Operation - Hashing
FCS_COP.1.1(3) The application perform cryptographic signature services (generation and verification) in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm RSA schemes using cryptographic key sizes of 2048-bit or greater.
Cryptographic Operation - Signing
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.1 The application implement the HTTPS protocol that complies with RFC 2818.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.2 The application implement HTTPS using TLS.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.3 The application notify the user and not establish the connection or request application authorization to establish the connection if the peer certificate is deemed invalid.
HTTPS Protocol
FIA_X509_EXT.1.1 The application invoked platform-provided functionality to validate certificates in accordance with the following rules: ['The certificate path must terminate with a trusted CA certificate'].
X.509 Certificate Validation
FIA_X509_EXT.2.1 The application use X.509v3 certificates as defined by RFC 5280 to support authentication for HTTPS , TLS.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FPT_TUD_EXT.2.1 The application shall be distributed using the format of the platform-supported package manager.
Integrity for Installation and Update
FCS_CKM.1.1(2) The application shall generate symmetric cryptographic keys using a Random Bit Generator as specified in FCS_RBG_EXT.1 and specified cryptographic key sizes 128 bit or 256 bit.
Cryptographic Symmetric Key Generation

Code analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Low
CVSS:7.5
The App logs information. Sensitive information should never be logged.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-3
CWE-532 Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
Files:
 com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationAttributes.java
com/horcrux/svg/Brush.java
com/th3rdwave/safeareacontext/SafeAreaView.java
com/horcrux/svg/VirtualView.java
cl/json/RNShareModule.java
com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/AsyncStorageModule.java
com/swmansion/gesturehandler/react/RNGestureHandlerRootView.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/helpers/ApplicationBadgeHelper.java
io/invertase/firebase/crashlytics/ReactNativeFirebaseCrashlyticsInitProvider.java
com/horcrux/svg/PatternView.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationPicturesAggregator.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingReceiver.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/SharedUtils.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationPublisher.java
io/grpc/android/AndroidChannelBuilder.java
io/invertase/firebase/firestore/ReactNativeFirebaseFirestoreSerialize.java
io/invertase/firebase/crashlytics/ReactNativeFirebaseCrashlyticsModule.java
com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/AsyncStorageExpoMigration.java
com/horcrux/svg/UseView.java
io/invertase/firebase/utils/ReactNativeFirebaseUtilsModule.java
org/wonday/orientation/OrientationActivityLifecycle.java
cl/json/social/SingleShareIntent.java
com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/AsyncLocalStorageUtil.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingModule.java
com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/ReactDatabaseSupplier.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotification.java
cl/json/social/InstagramShare.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Platform.java
io/invertase/firebase/app/ReactNativeFirebaseApp.java
com/horcrux/svg/MaskView.java
com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java
com/horcrux/svg/ImageView.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/ShortcutBadger.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNInstallReferrerClient.java
com/horcrux/svg/RadialGradientView.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationConfig.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/ReactNativeFirebaseEventEmitter.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationActions.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationBootEventReceiver.java
com/swmansion/gesturehandler/react/RNGestureHandlerRootHelper.java
com/horcrux/svg/LinearGradientView.java
org/wonday/orientation/OrientationModule.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushUtils.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationListenerService.java
com/horcrux/svg/ClipPathView.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/resolver/DeviceIdResolver.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/RCTConvertFirebase.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNReceivedMessageHandler.java
com/reactnativecommunity/cookies/CookieManagerModule.java
Medium
CVSS:7.5
The App uses an insecure Random Number Generator.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-6
CWE-330 Use of Insufficiently Random Values
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 io/grpc/internal/DnsNameResolver.java
io/grpc/internal/ExponentialBackoffPolicy.java
io/grpc/internal/RetriableStream.java
io/grpc/util/RoundRobinLoadBalancer.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpClientTransport.java
Medium
CVSS:7.4
Files may contain hardcoded sensitive information like usernames, passwords, keys etc.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-14
CWE-312 Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information
M9: Reverse Engineering
Files:
 io/grpc/internal/DnsNameResolver.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingSerializer.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushConstants.java
io/grpc/internal/TransportFrameUtil.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingHeadlessService.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushTelemetryManager.java
Medium
CVSS:7.4
MD5 is a weak hash known to have hash collisions.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-4
CWE-327 Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Util.java
Medium
CVSS:5.9
SHA-1 is a weak hash known to have hash collisions.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-4
CWE-327 Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Util.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSA_OAEP.java
High
CVSS:7.4
The App uses the encryption mode CBC with PKCS5/PKCS7 padding. This configuration is vulnerable to padding oracle attacks.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-3
CWE-649 Reliance on Obfuscation or Encryption of Security-Relevant Inputs without Integrity Checking
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 com/nimbusds/jose/jca/JCASupport.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESCBC.java
Medium
CVSS:5.9
App uses SQLite Database and execute raw SQL query. Untrusted user input in raw SQL queries can cause SQL Injection. Also sensitive information should be encrypted and written to the database.
CWE-89 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')
M7: Client Code Quality
Files:
 com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/AsyncLocalStorageUtil.java
com/reactnativecommunity/asyncstorage/ReactDatabaseSupplier.java
High
CVSS:5.5
App can read/write to External Storage. Any App can read data written to External Storage.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-2
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
M2: Insecure Data Storage
Files:
 com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewModule.java
io/invertase/firebase/utils/ReactNativeFirebaseUtilsModule.java
Medium
CVSS:5.5
App creates temp file. Sensitive information should never be written into a temp file.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-2
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
M2: Insecure Data Storage
Files:
 com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewModule.java
Medium
CVSS:4.3
IP Address disclosure
MASVS: MSTG-CODE-2
CWE-200 Information Exposure
Files:
 com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/Curve.java
Info
CVSS:0
This App uses SSL certificate pinning to detect or prevent MITM attacks in secure communication channel.
MASVS: MSTG-NETWORK-4
Files:
 io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpChannelBuilder.java
io/grpc/util/AdvancedTlsX509TrustManager.java
Low
CVSS:0
This app listens to Clipboard changes. Some malware also listen to Clipboard changes.
MASVS: MSTG-PLATFORM-4
Files:
 com/reactnativecommunity/clipboard/ClipboardModule.java
Low
CVSS:0
This App copies data to clipboard. Sensitive data should not be copied to clipboard as other applications can access it.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-10
Files:
 com/reactnativecommunity/clipboard/ClipboardModule.java
Pygal United States: 700

Map computed by Pithus.

Domains analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

US twitter.com 104.244.42.1
US play.google.com 142.250.181.238
US github.com 140.82.121.3
US pinterest.com 151.101.128.84
ns.adobe.com
US www.facebook.com 185.60.216.35
US crashpad.chromium.org 172.217.23.115
US plus.google.com 142.250.184.206

URL analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

https://github.com/software-mansion/react-native-screens/issues/17#issuecomment-424704067
Defined in com/swmansion/rnscreens/ScreenFragment.java
https://github.com/software-mansion/react-native-screens/issues/17#issuecomment-424704067
Defined in com/swmansion/rnscreens/ScreenStackFragment.java
https://twitter.com/intent/tweet?text={message}&url={url}
Defined in cl/json/social/TwitterShare.java
https://plus.google.com/share?url={url}
Defined in cl/json/social/GooglePlusShare.java
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.instagram.android
Defined in cl/json/social/InstagramShare.java
https://pinterest.com/pin/create/button/?url={url}&media=$media&description={message}
Defined in cl/json/social/PinterestShare.java
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.instagram.android
Defined in cl/json/social/InstagramStoriesShare.java
https://www.facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u={url}
Defined in cl/json/social/FacebookShare.java
https://www.facebook.com/sharer/sharer.php?u={url}
Defined in cl/json/social/FacebookPagesManagerShare.java
http://ns.adobe.com/xap/1.0/
Defined in lib/armeabi-v7a/libnative-imagetranscoder.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/armeabi-v7a/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/armeabi-v7a/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/x86_64/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/x86_64/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/arm64-v8a/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/arm64-v8a/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/x86/libcrashlytics-common.so
https://crashpad.chromium.org/bug/new
https://crashpad.chromium.org/
Defined in lib/x86/libcrashlytics-common.so

Permissions analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Low android.permission.INTERNET full Internet access
Allows an application to create network sockets.
Low android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE view network status
Allows an application to view the status of all networks.
Low android.permission.WAKE_LOCK prevent phone from sleeping
Allows an application to prevent the phone from going to sleep.
Low com.sec.android.provider.badge.permission.READ Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for samsung phones.
Low com.sec.android.provider.badge.permission.WRITE Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for samsung phones.
Low com.htc.launcher.permission.READ_SETTINGS Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for htc phones.
Low com.htc.launcher.permission.UPDATE_SHORTCUT Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for htc phones.
Low com.sonyericsson.home.permission.BROADCAST_BADGE Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for sony phones.
Low com.sonymobile.home.permission.PROVIDER_INSERT_BADGE Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for sony phones.
Low com.anddoes.launcher.permission.UPDATE_COUNT Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for apex.
Low com.majeur.launcher.permission.UPDATE_BADGE Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for solid.
Low com.huawei.android.launcher.permission.CHANGE_BADGE Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for huawei phones.
Low com.huawei.android.launcher.permission.READ_SETTINGS Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for huawei phones.
Low com.huawei.android.launcher.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for huawei phones.
Low android.permission.READ_APP_BADGE show app notification
Allows an application to show app icon badges.
Low com.oppo.launcher.permission.READ_SETTINGS Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for oppo phones.
Low com.oppo.launcher.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS Show notification count on app
Show notification count or badge on application launch icon for oppo phones.
Medium com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE C2DM permissions
Permission for cloud to device messaging.
com.google.android.finsky.permission.BIND_GET_INSTALL_REFERRER_SERVICE Unknown permission
Unknown permission from android reference
com.google.android.gms.permission.AD_ID Unknown permission
Unknown permission from android reference
me.everything.badger.permission.BADGE_COUNT_READ Unknown permission
Unknown permission from android reference
me.everything.badger.permission.BADGE_COUNT_WRITE Unknown permission
Unknown permission from android reference

Threat analysis

Information computed with Quark-Engine.

Confidence:
100%
Load external class
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Find a method from given class name, usually for reflection
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and receive input stream from the server
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Install other APKs from file
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and read data from it
Confidence:
100%
Monitor data identified by a given content URI changes(SMS, MMS, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Load class from given class name
Confidence:
100%
Retrieve data from broadcast
Confidence:
100%
Read sensitive data(SMS, CALLLOG, etc)
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.) via setData
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and get the response code
Confidence:
100%
Send notification
Confidence:
100%
Monitor the broadcast action events (BOOT_COMPLETED)
Confidence:
100%
Get absolute path of the file and store in string
Confidence:
100%
Get last known location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Get calendar information
Confidence:
100%
Get the current WIFI information
Confidence:
100%
Get location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Connect to the remote server through the given URL
Confidence:
100%
Put buffer stream (data) to JSON object
Confidence:
100%
Query WiFi information and WiFi Mac Address
Confidence:
100%
Get the current WiFi IP address
Confidence:
100%
Get the time of current location
Confidence:
100%
Initialize class object dynamically
Confidence:
100%
Get filename and put it to JSON object
Confidence:
100%
Read the input stream from given URL
Confidence:
100%
Get the current WiFi MAC address
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and set request method
Confidence:
100%
Get specific method from other Dex files
Confidence:
80%
Check if the network is connected
Confidence:
80%
Write HTTP input stream into a file
Confidence:
80%
Start another application from current application
Confidence:
80%
Get absolute path of file and put it to JSON object
Confidence:
80%
Check the active network type
Confidence:
80%
Read data and put it into a buffer stream
Confidence:
80%
Read file and put it into a stream
Confidence:
80%
Get declared method from given method name
Confidence:
80%
Open a file from given absolute path of the file
Confidence:
80%
Put data in cursor to JSON object
Confidence:
80%
Check if the given file path exist
Confidence:
80%
Query data from URI (SMS, CALLLOGS)
Confidence:
80%
Read file into a stream and put it into a JSON object
Confidence:
80%
Get resource file from res/raw directory

Behavior analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Android notifications
       me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/XiaomiHomeBadger.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationActions.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotification.java
Base64 decode
       io/invertase/firebase/firestore/ReactNativeFirebaseFirestoreSerialize.java
cl/json/ShareFile.java
cl/json/ShareFiles.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushUpdateUtils.java
Base64 encode
       io/invertase/firebase/firestore/ReactNativeFirebaseFirestoreSerialize.java
com/reactnativecommunity/clipboard/ClipboardModule.java
com/horcrux/svg/SvgView.java
Certificate handling
       io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpChannelBuilder.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpTlsUpgrader.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/TLSSocketFactory.java
io/grpc/okhttp/SslSocketFactoryChannelCredentials.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpClientTransport.java
Content provider
       io/invertase/firebase/common/ReactNativeFirebaseInitProvider.java
Crypto
       com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESGCMKW.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSAEncrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESCBC.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/DirectEncrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/DirectDecrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESGCM.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSA_OAEP.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/MACProvider.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/OctetSequenceKey.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/CompositeKey.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSADecrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/DirectCryptoProvider.java
okio/CipherSource.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/CipherHelper.java
okio/Buffer.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/MACVerifier.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESDecrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/factories/DefaultJWSVerifierFactory.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESKW.java
okio/SegmentedByteString.java
okio/Okio.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/PBKDF2.java
okio/Okio__JvmOkioKt.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESEncrypter.java
okio/HashingSource.java
okio/ByteString.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ECDHEncrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/AESCryptoProvider.java
okio/CipherSink.java
com/nimbusds/jose/proc/JWSVerificationKeySelector.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/PasswordBasedEncrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ContentCryptoProvider.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSA1_5.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/HMAC.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/LegacyAESGCM.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/LegacyConcatKDF.java
okio/HashingSink.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ECDHDecrypter.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jca/JCASupport.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/MACSigner.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ECDH.java
com/nimbusds/jose/proc/JWEDecryptionKeySelector.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ConcatKDF.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/factories/DefaultJWEDecrypterFactory.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/RSA_OAEP_256.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/SecretJWK.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/source/ImmutableSecret.java
Get installed applications
       cl/json/social/ShareIntent.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/ShortcutBadger.java
Get network interface information
       com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
Get phone number
       com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
Get system service
       com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
com/reactnativecommunity/clipboard/ClipboardModule.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/XiaomiHomeBadger.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/SharedUtils.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/resolver/DeviceTypeResolver.java
com/swmansion/rnscreens/ScreenContainer.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
org/wonday/orientation/OrientationModule.java
io/grpc/android/AndroidChannelBuilder.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationActions.java
Get wifi details
       com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
Http connection
       com/nimbusds/jose/util/DefaultResourceRetriever.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushUpdateManager.java
Https connection
       com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushUpdateManager.java
Inter process communication
       me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/XiaomiHomeBadger.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/AsusHomeBadger.java
cl/json/social/FacebookStoriesShare.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/NewHtcHomeBadger.java
cl/json/RNShareModule.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/helpers/ApplicationBadgeHelper.java
cl/json/social/SMSShare.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/VivoHomeBadger.java
cl/json/social/LinkedinShare.java
cl/json/social/WhatsAppBusinessShare.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingReceiver.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/SharedUtils.java
com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewModule.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationPublisher.java
io/grpc/android/AndroidChannelBuilder.java
cl/json/social/PinterestShare.java
cl/json/social/InstagramStoriesShare.java
io/invertase/firebase/utils/ReactNativeFirebaseUtilsModule.java
cl/json/social/SingleShareIntent.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/AdwHomeBadger.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingModule.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotification.java
cl/json/social/InstagramShare.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/DefaultBadger.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/LGHomeBadger.java
com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java
cl/json/social/FacebookPagesManagerShare.java
cl/json/social/TelegramShare.java
cl/json/social/SnapChatShare.java
cl/json/social/WhatsAppShare.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/SonyHomeBadger.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/ShortcutBadger.java
cl/json/social/GenericShare.java
cl/json/social/GooglePlusShare.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationActions.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingHeadlessService.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/OPPOHomeBader.java
cl/json/social/EmailShare.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationBootEventReceiver.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/ApexHomeBadger.java
com/bwing/MainActivity.java
org/wonday/orientation/OrientationModule.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/IntentConstants.java
cl/json/social/MessengerShare.java
cl/json/social/ShareIntent.java
cl/json/social/TargetChosenReceiver.java
cl/json/social/FacebookShare.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
cl/json/social/TwitterShare.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/util/BroadcastHelper.java
Java reflection
       com/horcrux/svg/RenderableView.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpProtocolNegotiator.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Platform.java
io/grpc/internal/ServerImplBuilder.java
net/minidev/asm/FieldFilter.java
io/grpc/Context.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/XiaomiHomeBadger.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
org/objectweb/asm/ClassWriter.java
net/minidev/asm/Accessor.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNInstallReferrerClient.java
io/grpc/ServiceProviders.java
net/minidev/json/JSONUtil.java
net/minidev/asm/ASMUtil.java
io/grpc/NameResolverRegistry.java
net/minidev/asm/DynamicClassLoader.java
io/grpc/internal/ReflectionLongAdderCounter.java
org/objectweb/asm/Type.java
io/grpc/internal/JndiResourceResolverFactory.java
okio/ByteString.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/SharedUtils.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/OptionalMethod.java
io/grpc/LoadBalancerRegistry.java
io/grpc/ManagedChannelRegistry.java
io/grpc/android/AndroidChannelBuilder.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushNativeModule.java
io/perfmark/PerfMark.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
net/minidev/asm/BasicFiledFilter.java
net/minidev/json/reader/BeansWriter.java
io/grpc/internal/DnsNameResolver.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/resolver/DeviceIdResolver.java
net/minidev/asm/BeansAccessBuilder.java
io/grpc/internal/ManagedChannelImplBuilder.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePush.java
io/grpc/internal/ConscryptLoader.java
Local file i/o operations
       com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationBootEventReceiver.java
cl/json/RNSharePathUtil.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/UniversalFirebasePreferences.java
com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java
cl/json/ShareFile.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushTelemetryManager.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNDeviceModule.java
com/learnium/RNDeviceInfo/RNInstallReferrerClient.java
io/invertase/firebase/utils/ReactNativeFirebaseUtilsModule.java
cl/json/ShareFiles.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/SettingsManager.java
io/invertase/firebase/common/ReactNativeFirebasePreferences.java
Message digest
       com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/LegacyConcatKDF.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/ThumbprintUtils.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/RSAKey.java
okio/HashingSink.java
okio/HashingSource.java
okio/internal/HashFunctionKt.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Util.java
okio/Buffer.java
com/nimbusds/jose/crypto/ConcatKDF.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/CodePushUpdateUtils.java
com/nimbusds/jose/jwk/ECKey.java
com/nimbusds/jose/util/X509CertUtils.java
Query database of sms, contacts etc
       me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/SamsungHomeBadger.java
Sending broadcast
       me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/VivoHomeBadger.java
com/bwing/MainActivity.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/impl/SonyHomeBadger.java
me/leolin/shortcutbadger/util/BroadcastHelper.java
com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationActions.java
Set or read clipboard data
       com/reactnativecommunity/clipboard/ClipboardModule.java
Starting activity
       com/dieam/reactnativepushnotification/modules/RNPushNotificationHelper.java
cl/json/social/SingleShareIntent.java
cl/json/social/ShareIntent.java
cl/json/social/InstagramShare.java
Starting service
       io/grpc/internal/ServerImplBuilder.java
io/grpc/BindableService.java
io/grpc/ServerInterceptors.java
io/grpc/util/MutableHandlerRegistry.java
io/invertase/firebase/messaging/ReactNativeFirebaseMessagingReceiver.java
Tcp server socket
       io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Util.java
Tcp socket
       io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpProtocolNegotiator.java
okio/SocketAsyncTimeout.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Platform.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpChannelBuilder.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpTlsUpgrader.java
io/grpc/internal/CallCredentialsApplyingTransportFactory.java
io/grpc/ProxiedSocketAddress.java
io/grpc/internal/InternalServer.java
io/grpc/okhttp/internal/Util.java
com/microsoft/codepush/react/TLSSocketFactory.java
io/grpc/inprocess/InProcessChannelBuilder.java
io/grpc/internal/GrpcUtil.java
io/grpc/HttpConnectProxiedSocketAddress.java
io/grpc/okhttp/AsyncSink.java
okio/Okio.java
io/grpc/InternalChannelz.java
io/grpc/okhttp/OkHttpClientTransport.java
io/grpc/Server.java
io/grpc/ProxyDetector.java
okio/Okio__JvmOkioKt.java
io/grpc/internal/ClientTransportFactory.java
io/grpc/okhttp/Utils.java
io/grpc/util/AdvancedTlsX509KeyManager.java
io/grpc/internal/ProxyDetectorImpl.java
io/grpc/inprocess/InProcessServer.java
io/grpc/EquivalentAddressGroup.java
io/grpc/internal/ManagedChannelImplBuilder.java
io/grpc/inprocess/InProcessSocketAddress.java
io/grpc/Grpc.java
io/grpc/util/AdvancedTlsX509TrustManager.java
okio/DeprecatedOkio.java
io/grpc/internal/InternalSubchannel.java
io/grpc/internal/ServerImpl.java
Webview get request
       com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java
Webview javascript interface
       com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java
Webview post request
       com/reactnativecommunity/webview/RNCWebViewManager.java