Moderate Risk

Threat level

io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection

VIKA

Analyzed on 2022-01-19T07:03:34.920506

8

permissions

17

activities

9

services

9

receivers

13

domains

File sums

MD5 0154dfea4b285a4b238b86e8e6797238
SHA1 d282083b4917436ab2fa345faa6b6d9053571b95
SHA256 dd905e5307f73b7dde34678c530092cd80f04a81805d9fc6d10ad559755757e2
Size 11.25MB

APKiD

Information computed with APKiD.

/tmp/tmpym3icjzb!classes.dex
anti_vm
  • Build.FINGERPRINT check
  • Build.MODEL check
  • Build.MANUFACTURER check
  • Build.PRODUCT check
  • Build.HARDWARE check
  • Build.BOARD check
  • possible Build.SERIAL check
  • Build.TAGS check
  • possible VM check
anti_debug
  • Debug.isDebuggerConnected() check
compiler
  • r8
/tmp/tmpym3icjzb!classes2.dex
compiler
  • r8 without marker (suspicious)

SSdeep

Information computed with ssdeep.

APK file 196608:w/L/3zhgBTnvcqix9ie0hvIDQbbdCSPgpgPzDriSGAnyd6X0CAX7g1IzBK8NViAE:k+T0x0emIDC0jpWZGuy20COg1+xftCBz
Manifest 768:p0wP6VxULKTAdne/RxcKBT6XiASbqUQtKaTmRfWi5etyis4aKceykCMKa4FO4z+F:…
classes.dex 98304:AygB5lzsymJXQjbak+IazVK62S4le3oTliDwDolSoS8O+15I0Q9:AlB5+F9K6zX…
classes2.dex 12288:oZVXxc2XqGHXkUkZYf0w+yQfwEfpnc0XW4l6MAvDoBRh7wwzBFe3gDVL/t7ObjU…

Dexofuzzy

Information computed with Dexofuzzy.

APK file 6144:9HyTw4QXbujM2jiueN5GBxtgi6/mspAevrihaCT99CWeqb824GZzPbAxNH8fv8Z1…
classes.dex 6144:9HyTw4QXbujM2jiueN5GBxtgi6/mspAevrihaCT99CWeqb824GZzPbAxNH8fv8Z1…
classes2.dex 1536:mmPrl2TJZHmO5TDn0UzhXR++MSvXTC7dIIEEfjNxhR:pR2TJZRHB++3C7vEEZzR

APK details

Information computed with AndroGuard and Pithus.

Package io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection
App name VIKA
Version name 1.4.1
Version code 10401
SDK 22 - 30
UAID e71fe7cb9f5187278846e1fbc5fbce1db5db9777
Signature Signature V1 Signature V2
Frosting Not frosted
Blocks found within V2 signature:
  • 0x7109871a: Unknown
  • 0x504b4453: Dependency metadata
  • 0x42726577: Verity padding

Certificate details

Information computed with AndroGuard.

MD5 20cb02c03de29baf3703f423e2a0b240
SHA1 aa24f0613229e8edfd75dbf5f273c0b77e2944e6
SHA256 89520de484b19c719995c5b82c82033fb587bfdc2621a2bfc5e87322fd58778d
Issuer Country: IR
Not before 2020-02-06T07:24:00+00:00
Not after 2045-01-30T07:24:00+00:00

Manifest analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Medium Application Data can be Backed up[android:allowBackup=true]
This flag allows anyone to backup your application data via adb. It allows users who have enabled USB debugging to copy application data off of the device.
High TaskAffinity is set for Activity
(de.blinkt.openvpn.activities.DisconnectVPN)
If taskAffinity is set, then other application could read the Intents sent to Activities belonging to another task. Always use the default setting keeping the affinity as the package name in order to prevent sensitive information inside sent or received Intents from being read by another application.
High TaskAffinity is set for Activity
(io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.ConfigConverter)
If taskAffinity is set, then other application could read the Intents sent to Activities belonging to another task. Always use the default setting keeping the affinity as the package name in order to prevent sensitive information inside sent or received Intents from being read by another application.
High Activity (io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.ConfigConverter) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Activity-Alias (de.blinkt.openvpn.activities.ConfigConverterFile) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity-Alias is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High TaskAffinity is set for Activity
(de.blinkt.openvpn.LaunchVPN)
If taskAffinity is set, then other application could read the Intents sent to Activities belonging to another task. Always use the default setting keeping the affinity as the package name in order to prevent sensitive information inside sent or received Intents from being read by another application.
High TaskAffinity is set for Activity
(io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.CreateShortcuts)
If taskAffinity is set, then other application could read the Intents sent to Activities belonging to another task. Always use the default setting keeping the affinity as the package name in order to prevent sensitive information inside sent or received Intents from being read by another application.
High Activity (io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.CreateShortcuts) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Content Provider (de.blinkt.openvpn.FileProvider) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
A Content Provider is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Activity-Alias (de.blinkt.openvpn.api.DisconnectVPN) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity-Alias is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Activity-Alias (de.blinkt.openvpn.api.ConnectVPN) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
An Activity-Alias is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
High Service (androidx.work.impl.background.systemjob.SystemJobService) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.BIND_JOB_SERVICE [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Broadcast Receiver (androidx.work.impl.diagnostics.DiagnosticsReceiver) is Protected by a permission, but the protection level of the permission should be checked.
Permission: android.permission.DUMP [android:exported=true]
A Broadcast Receiver is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device. It is protected by a permission which is not defined in the analysed application. As a result, the protection level of the permission should be checked where it is defined. If it is set to normal or dangerous, a malicious application can request and obtain the permission and interact with the component. If it is set to signature, only applications signed with the same certificate can obtain the permission.
High Service (com.google.android.play.core.assetpacks.AssetPackExtractionService) is not Protected. [android:exported=true]
A Service is found to be shared with other apps on the device therefore leaving it accessible to any other application on the device.
Medium High Intent Priority (999)[android:priority]
By setting an intent priority higher than another intent, the app effectively overrides other requests.

Browsable activities

Information computed with MobSF.

io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.ConfigConverter

Hosts: *

Schemes: content://

Mime types: application/x-openvpn-profile application/ovpn */*

de.blinkt.openvpn.activities.ConfigConverterFile

Hosts: *

Schemes: file://

Mime types: */*

Main Activity

Information computed with AndroGuard.

io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.ui.views.activities.HomeActivity

Activities

Information computed with AndroGuard.

com.journeyapps.barcodescanner.CaptureActivity
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.VPNPreferences
de.blinkt.openvpn.activities.DisconnectVPN
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.LogWindow
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.FileSelect
de.blinkt.openvpn.api.GrantPermissionsActivity
de.blinkt.openvpn.api.ConfirmDialog
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.ConfigConverter
de.blinkt.openvpn.LaunchVPN
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.CreateShortcuts
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.OpenSSLSpeed
de.blinkt.openvpn.api.RemoteAction
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.ui.views.activities.AdvancedSettingsActivity
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.ui.views.activities.HomeActivity
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.activities.InternalWebView
com.google.android.play.core.missingsplits.PlayCoreMissingSplitsActivity
com.google.android.play.core.common.PlayCoreDialogWrapperActivity

Receivers

Information computed with AndroGuard.

de.blinkt.openvpn.OnBootReceiver
androidx.work.impl.utils.ForceStopRunnable$BroadcastReceiver
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.ConstraintProxy$BatteryChargingProxy
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.ConstraintProxy$BatteryNotLowProxy
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.ConstraintProxy$StorageNotLowProxy
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.ConstraintProxy$NetworkStateProxy
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.RescheduleReceiver
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.ConstraintProxyUpdateReceiver
androidx.work.impl.diagnostics.DiagnosticsReceiver

Services

Information computed with AndroGuard.

de.blinkt.openvpn.core.OpenVPNService
de.blinkt.openvpn.api.ExternalOpenVPNService
de.blinkt.openvpn.core.OpenVPNStatusService
io.phoenixdev.afw.secureconnection.oldUiFlavor.OpenVPNTileService
androidx.work.impl.background.systemalarm.SystemAlarmService
androidx.work.impl.background.systemjob.SystemJobService
androidx.work.impl.foreground.SystemForegroundService
androidx.room.MultiInstanceInvalidationService
com.google.android.play.core.assetpacks.AssetPackExtractionService

NIAP analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

FCS_RBG_EXT.1.1 The application implement DRBG functionality for its cryptographic operations.
Random Bit Generation Services
FCS_STO_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the functionality provided by the platform to securely store credentials to non-volatile memory.
Storage of Credentials
FCS_CKM_EXT.1.1 The application generate no asymmetric cryptographic keys.
Cryptographic Key Generation Services
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.1 The application has access to ['network connectivity', 'camera'].
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_DEC_EXT.1.2 The application has access to no sensitive information repositories.
Access to Platform Resources
FDP_NET_EXT.1.1 The application has user/application initiated network communications.
Network Communications
FDP_DAR_EXT.1.1 The application implement functionality to encrypt sensitive data in non-volatile memory.
Encryption Of Sensitive Application Data
FMT_MEC_EXT.1.1 The application invoke the mechanisms recommended by the platform vendor for storing and setting configuration options.
Supported Configuration Mechanism
FTP_DIT_EXT.1.1 The application does encrypt some transmitted data with HTTPS/TLS/SSH between itself and another trusted IT product.
Protection of Data in Transit
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.1
FCS_RBG_EXT.2.2
The application perform all deterministic random bit generation (DRBG) services in accordance with NIST Special Publication 800-90A using Hash_DRBG. The deterministic RBG is seeded by an entropy source that accumulates entropy from a platform-based DRBG and a software-based noise source, with a minimum of 256 bits of entropy at least equal to the greatest security strength (according to NIST SP 800-57) of the keys and hashes that it will generate.
Random Bit Generation from Application
FCS_CKM.1.1(1) The application generate asymmetric cryptographic keys in accordance with a specified cryptographic key generation algorithm RSA schemes using cryptographic key sizes of 2048-bit or greater.
Cryptographic Asymmetric Key Generation
FCS_COP.1.1(1) The application perform encryption/decryption in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm AES-CBC (as defined in NIST SP 800-38A) mode or AES-GCM (as defined in NIST SP 800-38D) and cryptographic key sizes 256-bit/128-bit.
Cryptographic Operation - Encryption/Decryption
FCS_COP.1.1(2) The application perform cryptographic hashing services not in accordance with FCS_COP.1.1(2) and uses the cryptographic algorithm RC2/RC4/MD4/MD5.
Cryptographic Operation - Hashing
FCS_COP.1.1(3) The application perform cryptographic signature services (generation and verification) in accordance with a specified cryptographic algorithm RSA schemes using cryptographic key sizes of 2048-bit or greater.
Cryptographic Operation - Signing
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.1 The application implement the HTTPS protocol that complies with RFC 2818.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.2 The application implement HTTPS using TLS.
HTTPS Protocol
FCS_HTTPS_EXT.1.3 The application notify the user and not establish the connection or request application authorization to establish the connection if the peer certificate is deemed invalid.
HTTPS Protocol
FIA_X509_EXT.1.1 The application invoked platform-provided functionality to validate certificates in accordance with the following rules: ['The certificate path must terminate with a trusted CA certificate'].
X.509 Certificate Validation
FIA_X509_EXT.2.1 The application use X.509v3 certificates as defined by RFC 5280 to support authentication for HTTPS , TLS.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FIA_X509_EXT.2.2 When the application cannot establish a connection to determine the validity of a certificate, the application allow the administrator to choose whether to accept the certificate in these cases or accept the certificate ,or not accept the certificate.
X.509 Certificate Authentication
FPT_TUD_EXT.2.1 The application shall be distributed using the format of the platform-supported package manager.
Integrity for Installation and Update
FCS_CKM.1.1(2) The application shall generate symmetric cryptographic keys using a Random Bit Generator as specified in FCS_RBG_EXT.1 and specified cryptographic key sizes 128 bit or 256 bit.
Cryptographic Symmetric Key Generation

Code analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Medium
CVSS:4.3
IP Address disclosure
MASVS: MSTG-CODE-2
CWE-200 Information Exposure
Files:
 de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OrbotHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$lineChartQualityCheckListener$1.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ConfigParser.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/X509Utils.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/core/OpenVPNThreadv3.java
High
CVSS:5.9
This App uses RSA Crypto without OAEP padding. The purpose of the padding scheme is to prevent a number of attacks on RSA that only work when the encryption is performed without padding.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-3
CWE-780 - Use of RSA Algorithm without OAEP
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
High
CVSS:7.5
The App uses an insecure Random Number Generator.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-6
CWE-330 Use of Insufficiently Random Values
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 kotlin/collections/EmptyList.java
kotlin/random/AbstractPlatformRandom.java
kotlin/collections/unsigned/UArraysKt___UArraysJvmKt$asList$4.java
kotlin/collections/unsigned/UArraysKt___UArraysJvmKt$asList$1.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$6.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$3.java
kotlin/random/KotlinRandom.java
kotlin/collections/AbstractList.java
kotlin/collections/RingBuffer.java
kotlin/random/PlatformRandomKt.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$7.java
kotlin/collections/CollectionsKt__CollectionsJVMKt.java
kotlin/collections/unsigned/UArraysKt___UArraysJvmKt$asList$2.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$1.java
kotlin/random/jdk8/PlatformThreadLocalRandom.java
okio/Options.java
io/sentry/SentryClient.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$4.java
kotlin/collections/builders/ListBuilder.java
kotlin/collections/CollectionsKt___CollectionsKt.java
io/sentry/TracesSampler.java
kotlin/random/FallbackThreadLocalRandom.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$2.java
kotlin/collections/MovingSubList.java
kotlin/collections/unsigned/UArraysKt___UArraysJvmKt$asList$3.java
kotlin/collections/CollectionsKt__MutableCollectionsJVMKt.java
kotlin/random/FallbackThreadLocalRandom$implStorage$1.java
kotlin/random/PlatformRandom.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$5.java
kotlin/collections/ArraysKt___ArraysJvmKt$asList$8.java
kotlin/collections/CollectionsKt__MutableCollectionsKt.java
High
CVSS:5.5
App can read/write to External Storage. Any App can read data written to External Storage.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-2
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
M2: Insecure Data Storage
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/FileSelectionFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/ConfigConverter.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/FileSelect.java
io/sentry/android/core/DefaultAndroidEventProcessor.java
High
CVSS:7.4
Files may contain hardcoded sensitive informations like usernames, passwords, keys etc.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-14
CWE-312 Cleartext Storage of Sensitive Information
M9: Reverse Engineering
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/DownloadQrFragmentArgs.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/models/VpnDataModel.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AuthenticationFragmentDirections.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/AppConstants.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/UsernamePasswordFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/DownloadQrFragmentDirections.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/LaunchVPN.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragmentArgs.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/lingver/store/PreferenceLocaleStore.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/models/QrDataModel.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalAppDatabase.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/OtpFragmentDirections.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/FileSelectionFragment.java
High
CVSS:5.9
SHA-1 is a weak hash known to have hash collisions.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-4
CWE-327 Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 de/blinkt/openvpn/core/LogItem.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/AppRestrictions.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/PRNGFixes.java
Low
CVSS:7.5
The App logs information. Sensitive information should never be logged.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-3
CWE-532 Insertion of Sensitive Information into Log File
Files:
 kotlinx/coroutines/debug/AgentPremain.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/VikaApplication.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ConfirmDialog.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig$doAsImport$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/quality/Ping.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNStatusService.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/FitCenterStrategy.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/activities/DisconnectVPN.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment$onViewCreated$2.java
io/sentry/SystemOutLogger.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$updateState$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment$startImportTask$1.java
io/sentry/android/core/AndroidLogger.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/PRNGFixes.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/CenterCropStrategy.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment$initVpnConnectionListAdapter$2.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/LocaleHelper.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/CameraInstance.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CameraPreview.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/CameraConfigurationUtils.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/DownloadQrFragment$viewModelObservers$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/quality/LinkQualityCheckHandler.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CaptureManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/StatusListener.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/LegacyPreviewScalingStrategy.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/FileProvider.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/AutoFocusManager.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$serviceConnection$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/CameraManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNThread.java
org/jetbrains/anko/Logging.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/DeviceStateReceiver.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/DecoderThread.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/activities/HomeActivity.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/camera/PreviewScalingStrategy.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$lineChartQualityCheckListener$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/OtpFragment$getSecureContent$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/QrScannerHelper.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/InternalWebView.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
io/sentry/transport/StdoutTransport.java
kotlin/io/ConsoleKt.java
High
CVSS:0
This App may request root (Super User) privileges.
MASVS: MSTG-RESILIENCE-1
CWE-250 Execution with Unnecessary Privileges
Files:
 io/sentry/android/core/util/RootChecker.java
Info
CVSS:0
This App may have root detection capabilities.
MASVS: MSTG-RESILIENCE-1
Files:
 io/sentry/android/core/util/RootChecker.java
io/sentry/android/core/DefaultAndroidEventProcessor.java
High
CVSS:5.5
App creates temp file. Sensitive information should never be written into a temp file.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-2
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
M2: Insecure Data Storage
Files:
 kotlin/io/path/PathsKt__PathUtilsKt.java
kotlin/io/FilesKt__UtilsKt.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CaptureManager.java
High
CVSS:7.4
MD5 is a weak hash known to have hash collisions.
MASVS: MSTG-CRYPTO-4
CWE-327 Use of a Broken or Risky Cryptographic Algorithm
M5: Insufficient Cryptography
Files:
 com/downloader/utils/Utils.java
Info
CVSS:0
This App uses SSL certificate pinning to detect or prevent MITM attacks in secure communication channel.
MASVS: MSTG-NETWORK-4
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/api/RetrofitBuilder.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig.java
High
CVSS:5.9
App uses SQLite Database and execute raw SQL query. Untrusted user input in raw SQL queries can cause SQL Injection. Also sensitive information should be encrypted and written to the database.
CWE-89 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command ('SQL Injection')
M7: Client Code Quality
Files:
 com/downloader/database/AppDbHelper.java
com/downloader/database/DatabaseOpenHelper.java
Low
CVSS:0
This App copies data to clipboard. Sensitive data should not be copied to clipboard as other applications can access it.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-10
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/LogFragment.java
Low
CVSS:3.9
App can write to App Directory. Sensitive Information should be encrypted.
MASVS: MSTG-STORAGE-14
CWE-276 Incorrect Default Permissions
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/PrefsHelper.java
Medium
CVSS:8.8
Insecure WebView Implementation. Execution of user controlled code in WebView is a critical Security Hole.
MASVS: MSTG-PLATFORM-7
CWE-749 Exposed Dangerous Method or Function
M1: Improper Platform Usage
Files:
 io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/InternalWebView.java
Pygal Australia: 100 Germany: 200 United States: 900

Map computed by Pithus.

Domains analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

US xposed.info 45.55.233.97
US natmchugh.blogspot.de 142.250.186.65
US github.com 140.82.121.4
US www.bing.com 13.107.21.200
US openvpn.net 104.18.110.96
US repo.xposed.info 45.55.233.97
US crowdin.net 52.4.18.140
DE journeyapps.com 99.86.3.110
scd.phoenixdev.io
US community.openvpn.net 104.18.110.96
DE sites.inka.de 193.197.184.17
AU www.bouncycastle.org 203.32.61.103
US developer.android.com 142.250.186.174

URL analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

https://scd.phoenixdev.io/secure-content-delivery-server/
Defined in io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/api/RetrofitBuilder.java
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
https://scd.phoenixdev.io
http://developer.android.com/training/efficient-downloads/efficient-network-access.html#RadioStateMachine
http://sites.inka.de/bigred/devel/tcp-tcp.html
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/18
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/29
http://www.bouncycastle.org)
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/
https://community.openvpn.net/openvpn/wiki/SWEET32
https://github.com/OpenVPN/openvpn/blob/master/doc/man-sections/cipher-negotiation.rst
http://xposed.info/
http://repo.xposed.info/module/de.blinkt.vpndialogxposed
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/34
https://github.com/schwabe/ics-openvpn/issues/185
http://crowdin.net/project/ics-openvpn/invite
https://journeyapps.com/
https://github.com/journeyapps/zxing-android-embedded
http://community.openvpn.net/
https://natmchugh.blogspot.de/2015/02/create-your-own-md5-collisions.html
https://github.com/OpenVPN/easy-rsa/releases
Defined in Android String Resource
http://openvpn.net/howto.html#mitm
Defined in lib/arm64-v8a/libopenvpn.so

Permissions analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

High android.permission.CAMERA take pictures and videos
Allows application to take pictures and videos with the camera. This allows the application to collect images that the camera is seeing at any time.
Low android.permission.INTERNET full Internet access
Allows an application to create network sockets.
Low android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE view network status
Allows an application to view the status of all networks.
Low android.permission.RECEIVE_BOOT_COMPLETED automatically start at boot
Allows an application to start itself as soon as the system has finished booting. This can make it take longer to start the phone and allow the application to slow down the overall phone by always running.
Low android.permission.FOREGROUND_SERVICE Allows a regular application to use Service.startForeground
Low android.permission.QUERY_ALL_PACKAGES Allows query of any normal app on the device, regardless of manifest declarations.
Low android.permission.REQUEST_IGNORE_BATTERY_OPTIMIZATIONS Permission an application must hold in order to use Settings.ACTION_REQUEST_IGNORE_BATTERY_OPTIMIZATIONS.
Low android.permission.WAKE_LOCK prevent phone from sleeping
Allows an application to prevent the phone from going to sleep.

Threat analysis

Information computed with Quark-Engine.

Confidence:
100%
Load external class
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.)
Confidence:
100%
Find a method from given class name, usually for reflection
Confidence:
100%
Check the active network type
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and receive input stream from the server
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Install other APKs from file
Confidence:
100%
Retrieve data from broadcast
Confidence:
100%
Read sensitive data(SMS, CALLLOG, etc)
Confidence:
100%
Check the current network type
Confidence:
100%
Implicit intent(view a web page, make a phone call, etc.) via setData
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and get the response code
Confidence:
100%
Monitor the broadcast action events (BOOT_COMPLETED)
Confidence:
100%
Get absolute path of the file and store in string
Confidence:
100%
Read file from assets directory
Confidence:
100%
Get last known location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Get location of the device
Confidence:
100%
Method reflection
Confidence:
100%
Hide the current app's icon
Confidence:
100%
Connect to the remote server through the given URL
Confidence:
100%
Get the time of current location
Confidence:
100%
Initialize class object dynamically
Confidence:
100%
Connect to a URL and set request method
Confidence:
80%
Start another application from current application
Confidence:
80%
Read data and put it into a buffer stream
Confidence:
80%
Read file and put it into a stream
Confidence:
80%
Get declared method from given method name
Confidence:
80%
Open a file from given absolute path of the file
Confidence:
80%
Get calendar information
Confidence:
80%
Check if the given file path exist
Confidence:
80%
Executes the specified string Linux command
Confidence:
80%
Get resource file from res/raw directory

Behavior analysis

Information computed with MobSF.

Android notifications
       de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
Base64 decode
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/OtpFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/EncryptionManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/AppRestrictions.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/ConfigConverter.java
Base64 encode
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Utils.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig$doAsImport$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/EncryptionManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/ConfigConverter.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/FileSelect.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
Certificate handling
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfigKt.java
io/sentry/SentryOptions.java
io/sentry/transport/HttpConnection.java
Content provider
       de/blinkt/openvpn/FileProvider.java
io/sentry/android/core/SentryInitProvider.java
Crypto
       okio/HashingSink.java
okio/ByteString.java
okio/HashingSource.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/EncryptionManager.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/viewModels/AuthenticationViewModel$decryptFile$1.java
okio/Buffer.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/AESUtils.java
Execute os command
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/quality/Ping.java
Get installed applications
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Utils.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ExtAuthHelper.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/PackageAdapter.java
Get system service
       io/sentry/android/core/util/ConnectivityChecker.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/VikaApplication.java
io/sentry/android/core/ANRWatchDog.java
io/sentry/android/core/PhoneStateBreadcrumbsIntegration.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/AppRestrictions.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/VPNProfileList.java
org/jetbrains/anko/internals/AnkoInternals.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/NetworkExtensionsKt.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/NetworkUtils.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/DeviceStateReceiver.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/RotationListener.java
io/sentry/android/core/TempSensorBreadcrumbsIntegration.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/LogFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/BaseActivity.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/ExtensionsKt.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CameraPreview.java
io/sentry/android/core/DefaultAndroidEventProcessor.java
Http connection
       com/downloader/httpclient/DefaultHttpClient.java
io/sentry/transport/HttpConnection.java
Https connection
       io/sentry/transport/HttpConnection.java
Inter process communication
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/SendDumpFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ConfirmDialog.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/VPNPreferences.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/views/FileSelectLayout.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$startVPN$$inlined$let$lambda$1.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/GrantPermissionsActivity.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/PasswordDialogFragment$mConnection$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/ConfigConverter.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/LaunchVPN.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalCertificateProvider.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalAppDatabase.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Utils.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalOpenVPNService.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/oldFragment/ConnectionFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/OpenVPNTileService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/IServiceStatus.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CaptureManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/StatusListener.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/FileSelect.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CaptureActivity.java
org/jetbrains/anko/internals/AnkoInternals.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/KeyChainSettingsFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
io/sentry/android/core/DefaultAndroidEventProcessor.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AuthenticationFragment$onStartQrScan$permissionRequestLauncher$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/GeneralSettings.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$onViewCreated$3.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Settings_Authentication.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig$doAsImport$1.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/OnBootReceiver.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/core/VariantConfig.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/PasswordDialogFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNStatusService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/activities/DisconnectVPN.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/IOpenVPNStatusCallback.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/activities/AdvancedSettingsActivity.java
io/sentry/android/core/SystemEventsBreadcrumbsIntegration.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment$initVpnConnectionListAdapter$2.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/DecoratedBarcodeView.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/RemoteAction.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/KeyChainSettingsFragment$initKeychainViews$2.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Settings_Basic.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$onViewCreated$4.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/CreateShortcuts.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/SettingsFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/AppRestrictions.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OrbotHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ExtAuthHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/IOpenVPNServiceInternal.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/VpnStatus.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/VPNProfileList.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$serviceConnection$1.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/VPNLaunchHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/DeviceStateReceiver.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ShowConfigFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/IOpenVPNAPIService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/IStatusCallbacks.java
org/jetbrains/anko/IntentsKt.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/LogFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AuthenticationFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/InternalWebView.java
Java reflection
       retrofit2/ParameterHandler.java
kotlinx/coroutines/internal/ConcurrentKt.java
kotlin/coroutines/jvm/internal/DebugMetadataKt.java
kotlinx/coroutines/internal/FastServiceLoader.java
kotlin/internal/PlatformImplementationsKt.java
kotlin/coroutines/jvm/internal/ModuleNameRetriever.java
kotlinx/coroutines/internal/FastServiceLoaderKt.java
io/sentry/UnknownPropertiesTypeAdapterFactory.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/PRNGFixes.java
kotlin/jvm/internal/Intrinsics.java
io/sentry/SentryOptions.java
kotlinx/coroutines/android/AndroidExceptionPreHandler.java
kotlinx/coroutines/internal/ExceptionsConstuctorKt.java
retrofit2/RequestFactory.java
retrofit2/Utils.java
retrofit2/Retrofit.java
kotlin/internal/PlatformImplementations.java
kotlinx/coroutines/debug/internal/DebugProbesImpl.java
okio/ByteString.java
retrofit2/Invocation.java
retrofit2/KotlinExtensions$await$2$2.java
retrofit2/Platform.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
retrofit2/HttpServiceMethod.java
kotlinx/coroutines/internal/StackTraceRecoveryKt.java
io/sentry/android/core/AppLifecycleIntegration.java
kotlinx/coroutines/CommonPool.java
retrofit2/ServiceMethod.java
kotlin/jvm/internal/Reflection.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/sentry/android/core/LoadClass.java
kotlin/jvm/internal/ClassReference.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/X509Utils.java
Loading native code (shared library)
       de/blinkt/openvpn/core/NativeUtils.java
io/sentry/android/ndk/SentryNdk.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/core/OpenVPNThreadv3.java
Local file i/o operations
       de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ProfileManager.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/PrefsHelper.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/SendDumpFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig.java
io/sentry/android/core/AndroidOptionsInitializer.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalAppDatabase.java
io/sentry/cache/EnvelopeCache.java
io/sentry/SentryOptions.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/LocaleHelper.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/FileUtils.java
io/sentry/SendCachedEnvelopeFireAndForgetIntegration.java
com/journeyapps/barcodescanner/CaptureManager.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/VpnProfile.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/StatusListener.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/FileProvider.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/VPNProfileList.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/utils/lingver/store/PreferenceLocaleStore.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/VPNLaunchHelper.java
io/sentry/android/core/NdkIntegration.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/Preferences.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/sentry/Sentry.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/data/SettingPrefsHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
io/sentry/android/core/DefaultAndroidEventProcessor.java
Message digest
       com/downloader/utils/Utils.java
okio/HashingSink.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/LogItem.java
okio/ByteString.java
okio/HashingSource.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig$doAsImport$1.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/AppRestrictions.java
okio/Buffer.java
Sending broadcast
       de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OrbotHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVPNService.java
Set or read clipboard data
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/LogFragment.java
Starting activity
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/GeneralSettings.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/Settings_Authentication.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/SendDumpFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ImportASConfig$doAsImport$1.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/OnBootReceiver.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/views/FileSelectLayout.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$2.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/GrantPermissionsActivity.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$11.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/ConfigConverter.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/LaunchVPN.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/activities/DisconnectVPN.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$5.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalAppDatabase.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalOpenVPNService.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionListFragment$initVpnConnectionListAdapter$2.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/ConnectionNameFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/RemoteAction.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/KeyChainSettingsFragment$initKeychainViews$2.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment$onViewCreated$4.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/oldFragment/ConnectionFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$6.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$10.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$9.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/OpenVPNTileService.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/SettingsFragment.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$3.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/VPNProfileList.java
org/jetbrains/anko/internals/AnkoInternals.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$8.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$4.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/AdvancedFragment$onViewCreated$7.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/ShowConfigFragment.java
org/jetbrains/anko/IntentsKt.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/KeyChainSettingsFragment.java
Starting service
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/OpenVPNTileService.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ConfirmDialog.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OrbotHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/StatusListener.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ExtAuthHelper.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/fragments/PasswordDialogFragment.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/LaunchVPN.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/activities/DisconnectVPN.java
org/jetbrains/anko/internals/AnkoInternals.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/VPNLaunchHelper.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/ExternalOpenVPNService.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/fragments/HomeFragment.java
org/jetbrains/anko/IntentsKt.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/api/RemoteAction.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/oldFragment/ConnectionFragment.java
Tcp socket
       de/blinkt/openvpn/core/ProxyDetection.java
de/blinkt/openvpn/core/OpenVpnManagementThread.java
io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/ui/views/oldFragment/ConnectionFragment.java
okio/Okio.java
Url connection to file/http/https/ftp/jar
       com/downloader/httpclient/DefaultHttpClient.java
io/sentry/transport/HttpConnection.java
Webview get request
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/InternalWebView.java
Webview javascript interface
       io/phoenixdev/afw/secureconnection/oldUiFlavor/activities/InternalWebView.java

Control flow graphs analysis

Information computed by Pithus.

The application probably gets network interfaces addresses (IP and/or MAC)

The application probably plays sound

The application probably sends data over HTTP/S

The application probably lists all installed applications